Average Weather at Istanbul Atatürk Airport Turkey
At Istanbul Atatürk Airport, the summers are warm, dry, and clear and the winters are long, cold, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 85°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 91°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Istanbul Atatürk Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.
The hot season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 10 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 85°F and low of 71°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 29 to March 25, with an average daily high temperature below 55°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 38°F and high of 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Jeju City, South Korea (5,110 miles away); Matsue, Japan (5,308 miles); and Chiba, Japan (5,594 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Istanbul Atatürk Airport (view comparison).
At Istanbul Atatürk Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Istanbul Atatürk Airport begins around May 27 and lasts for 4.2 months, ending around October 2. On July 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 96% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 4% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 2 and lasts for 7.8 months, ending around May 27. On December 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Istanbul Atatürk Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from October 6 to May 1, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on December 13.
The drier season lasts 5.1 months, from May 1 to October 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on July 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 31% on December 13.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Istanbul Atatürk Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Istanbul Atatürk Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 9, with an average total accumulation of 2.9 inches.
The least rain falls around July 22, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Istanbul Atatürk Airport does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Istanbul Atatürk Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 14 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:32 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 58 minutes later at 8:29 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:36 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 5 minutes later at 8:40 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Istanbul Atatürk Airport during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Istanbul Atatürk Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 16 to September 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 5, with muggy conditions 46% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 21, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Istanbul Atatürk Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from July 7 to March 29, with average wind speeds of more than 10.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.3 months, from March 29 to July 7. The calmest day of the year is May 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Istanbul Atatürk Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 1.7 months, from September 2 to October 23, with a peak percentage of 44% on September 3. The wind is most often from the north for 10 months, from October 23 to September 2, with a peak percentage of 32% on January 1.
Istanbul Atatürk Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.4 months, from June 16 to September 30, with an average temperature above 69°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 9, with an average temperature of 75°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from December 18 to April 15, with an average temperature below 52°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 17, with an average temperature of 46°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Istanbul Atatürk Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Istanbul Atatürk Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Istanbul Atatürk Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Istanbul Atatürk Airport typically lasts for 10 months (303 days), from around February 24 to around December 24, rarely starting after March 20, or ending before December 1.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Istanbul Atatürk Airport should appear around March 24, only rarely appearing before February 25 or after April 20.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 9 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 30 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Istanbul Atatürk Airport are 40.977 deg latitude, 28.815 deg longitude, and 108 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Istanbul Atatürk Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 266 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 76 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (732 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (4,308 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Istanbul Atatürk Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (64%) and water (24%), within 10 miles by water (55%) and artificial surfaces (33%), and within 50 miles by water (57%) and trees (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Istanbul Atatürk Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Istanbul Atatürk Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.