Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Mthatha Airport South Africa
At Mthatha Airport, the summers are warm and wet; the winters are short, cool, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 42°F to 81°F and is rarely below 36°F or above 92°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Mthatha Airport for warm-weather activities is from late November to late May.
Climate at Mthatha Airport
Average Temperature at Mthatha Airport
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 19 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is February 15, with an average high of 81°F and low of 63°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.2 months, from June 2 to August 8, with an average daily high temperature below 71°F. The coldest day of the year is July 3, with an average low of 42°F and high of 69°F.
Average High and Low Temperature at Mthatha Airport
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature at Mthatha Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Mthatha Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Mthatha Airport begins around December 14 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around September 6. On July 16, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 79% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 21% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 6 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around December 14. On October 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories at Mthatha Airport
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Mthatha Airport varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.0 months, from October 6 to April 8, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 52% on February 26.
The drier season lasts 6.0 months, from April 8 to October 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on July 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 52% on February 26.
Daily Chance of Precipitation at Mthatha Airport
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mthatha Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Mthatha Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 16, with an average total accumulation of 4.7 inches.
The least rain falls around June 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall at Mthatha Airport
The length of the day at Mthatha Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Mthatha Airport
The earliest sunrise is at 4:52 AM on December 4, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 13 minutes later at 7:05 AM on July 1. The earliest sunset is at 5:08 PM on June 11, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 6 minutes later at 7:14 PM on January 8.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Mthatha Airport during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Mthatha Airport
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Mthatha Airport
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Mthatha Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from December 8 to March 25, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is February 15, with muggy conditions 26% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is July 26, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels at Mthatha Airport
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Mthatha Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from May 23 to February 1, with average wind speeds of more than 8.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 3.7 months, from February 1 to May 23. The calmest day of the year is March 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed at Mthatha Airport
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Mthatha Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.3 months, from April 7 to September 16, with a peak percentage of 57% on June 20. The wind is most often from the south for 2.3 weeks, from September 16 to October 2, with a peak percentage of 31% on October 1. The wind is most often from the east for 6.2 months, from October 2 to April 7, with a peak percentage of 44% on January 1.
Wind Direction at Mthatha Airport
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Mthatha Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mthatha Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late November to late May, with a peak score in the last week of March.
Tourism Score at Mthatha Airport
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mthatha Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid January to mid March, with a peak score in the second week of February.
Beach/Pool Score at Mthatha Airport
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Mthatha Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Mthatha Airport
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days at Mthatha Airport
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 6 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 2 to August 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 19, with an average of 3.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Mthatha Airport
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mthatha Airport are -31.548 deg latitude, 28.674 deg longitude, and 2,421 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mthatha Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 374 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,404 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,051 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (8,415 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mthatha Airport is covered by bare soil (59%), grassland (24%), and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by bare soil (47%) and cropland (25%), and within 50 miles by grassland (45%) and bare soil (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Mthatha Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Mthatha Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
In this case, the only station close and reliable enough to use as a fallback is Bhisho Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.