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Average Weather at Oulu Airport Finland

At Oulu Airport, the summers are cool and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 8°F to 69°F and is rarely below -15°F or above 78°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Oulu Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec52%52%18%18%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.5 inprecipitation: 2.5 in0.8 in0.8 inmuggy: 2%muggy: 2%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.2tourism score: 6.20.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 3 to September 2, with an average daily high temperature above 59°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 69°F and low of 54°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 23 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature below 30°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 8°F and high of 20°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Forestville, Canada (3,372 miles away) and Yelizovo, Russia (3,908 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Oulu Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Oulu Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Oulu Airport begins around April 12 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around September 29. On June 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 29 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around April 12. On January 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 82% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 18% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Oulu AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 3052%Jun 3052%Jan 2818%Jan 2818%Apr 1235%Apr 1235%Sep 2935%Sep 2935%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Oulu Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.1 months, from May 9 to December 12, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on July 22.

The drier season lasts 4.9 months, from December 12 to May 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on February 23.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Oulu Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.6 months, from March 21 to December 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on July 22.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.4 months, from December 9 to March 21. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 15% on January 23.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Oulu AirportsnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 2233%Jul 2233%Feb 2316%Feb 2316%Dec 926%Dec 926%May 925%May 925%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Oulu Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from March 26 to December 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 19, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from December 20 to March 26. The least rain falls around February 13, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Oulu Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 8 to April 28, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.8 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from April 28 to October 8. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Oulu AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inJan 160.8 inJan 160.8 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inOct 80.1 inOct 80.1 inApr 280.1 inApr 280.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Oulu Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 3 hours, 38 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 21 hours, 57 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 14 minMar 2012 hr, 14 minMar 2021 hr, 57 minJun 2121 hr, 57 minJun 2112 hr, 20 minSep 2312 hr, 20 minSep 233 hr, 38 minDec 223 hr, 38 minDec 22nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 2:21 AM on June 20, and the latest sunrise is 8 hours, 7 minutes later at 10:28 AM on December 24. The earliest sunset is at 2:04 PM on December 19, and the latest sunset is 10 hours, 14 minutes later at 12:19 AM on June 21.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Oulu Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 202:21 AMJun 202:21 AM12:19 AMJun 2112:19 AMJun 21Dec 192:04 PMDec 192:04 PM10:28 AMDec 2410:28 AMDec 24Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTdaynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Oulu Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 260%Jan 260%Jul 292%Jul 292%drydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Oulu Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from September 26 to April 8, with average wind speeds of more than 7.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from April 8 to September 26. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Oulu Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 2.8 months, from April 26 to July 19, with a peak percentage of 33% on June 1. The wind is most often from the south for 9.2 months, from July 19 to April 26, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Oulu AirportSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Oulu Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.3 months, from July 5 to September 14, with an average temperature above 53°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 59°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.5 months, from December 1 to May 16, with an average temperature below 36°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 28, with an average temperature of 31°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Oulu Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Oulu Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.26.20.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Oulu Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468102.12.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Oulu Airport typically lasts for 4.3 months (133 days), from around May 11 to around September 21, rarely starting before April 23 or after May 30, and rarely ending before September 2 or after October 11.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Oulu Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1150%May 1150%Sep 2150%Sep 2150%May 3090%May 3090%Sep 290%Sep 290%Apr 2310%Apr 2310%Oct 1110%Oct 1110%0%Dec 50%Dec 5Jul 26100%Jul 26100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Oulu Airport should appear around June 2, only rarely appearing before May 22 or after June 16.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Oulu AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°FJun 290°FJun 290°FAug 27900°FAug 27900°FDec 311,004°FDec 311,004°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 12 to August 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 7 to March 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Oulu Airport are 64.930 deg latitude, 25.355 deg longitude, and 10 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Oulu Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 66 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 25 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (148 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (627 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Oulu Airport is covered by trees (42%), artificial surfaces (34%), and cropland (16%), within 10 miles by water (33%) and trees (30%), and within 50 miles by trees (50%) and water (32%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Oulu Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Oulu Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Hailuoto, Kemi-Tornio Airport, Kajaani Airport, Kokkola-Pietarsaari Airport, Luleå Airport, and Suomussalmi.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.