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Average Weather in South Bend Indiana, United States

In South Bend, the summers are warm and wet, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 82°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 90°F.

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 28 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 82°F and low of 63°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 1 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 42°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 19°F and high of 32°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in South BendJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablecoldcoolchillywarmfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In South Bend, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in South Bend begins around May 28 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around November 4. On August 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 4 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around May 28. On January 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 34% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in South BendclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 2668%Aug 2668%Jan 2334%Jan 2334%May 2851%May 2851%Nov 451%Nov 451%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in South Bend varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.0 months, from March 28 to October 29, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on June 6.

The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from October 29 to March 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on February 3.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in South Bend changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 3 to January 19. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on June 6.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.1 weeks, from January 19 to February 3. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on January 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in South BendrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 637%Jun 637%Feb 317%Feb 317%Jan 123%Jan 123%Mar 2827%Mar 2827%Oct 2927%Oct 2927%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. South Bend experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in South Bend. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 2, with an average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.

The least rain falls around January 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in South BendJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 in7 inJun 23.6 inJun 23.6 inJan 290.9 inJan 290.9 inAug 53.4 inAug 53.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. South Bend experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from November 16 to April 1, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 4, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 1 to November 16. The least snow falls around July 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in South BendsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inJan 40.5 inJan 40.5 inJul 190.0 inJul 190.0 inNov 160.1 inNov 160.1 inApr 10.1 inApr 10.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in South Bend varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 9 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in South BendJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 12 minJun 2115 hr, 12 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 9 minDec 219 hr, 9 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:09 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 11 minutes later at 8:21 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 9 minutes later at 9:23 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in South Bend during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in South BendJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 146:09 AMJun 146:09 AM9:23 PMJun 279:23 PMJun 27Dec 85:14 PMDec 85:14 PM8:21 AMNov 48:21 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

South Bend experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from June 1 to September 21, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 27, with muggy conditions 41% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 11, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in South BendmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 110%Feb 110%Jul 2741%Jul 2741%Jun 111%Jun 111%Sep 2111%Sep 2111%muggymuggydrydryoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in South Bend experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 4 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 5.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 13 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in South BendwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mphJan 157.1 mphJan 157.1 mphAug 44.2 mphAug 44.2 mphOct 45.6 mphOct 45.6 mphMay 135.6 mphMay 135.6 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in South Bend varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.6 weeks, from March 13 to April 7, with a peak percentage of 28% on March 31. The wind is most often from the south for 3.1 months, from April 7 to July 11 and for 3.7 months, from August 1 to November 23, with a peak percentage of 37% on November 13. The wind is most often from the west for 3.0 weeks, from July 11 to August 1 and for 3.7 months, from November 23 to March 13, with a peak percentage of 32% on July 20.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in South BendWNSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southnortheastwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

South Bend is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 4 to September 26, with an average temperature above 65°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 72°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from December 11 to May 12, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 3, with an average temperature of 36°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 5 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 2 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in South BendbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 17.0 kWhJul 17.0 kWhDec 211.5 kWhDec 211.5 kWhMay 55.9 kWhMay 55.9 kWhAug 235.9 kWhAug 235.9 kWhNov 22.6 kWhNov 22.6 kWhFeb 142.7 kWhFeb 142.7 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of South Bend are 41.683 deg latitude, -86.250 deg longitude, and 725 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of South Bend contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 717 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (279 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (568 feet).

The area within 2 miles of South Bend is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (52%) and artificial surfaces (36%), and within 50 miles by cropland (62%) and water (17%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in South Bend, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in South Bend.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and South Bend according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at South Bend is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between South Bend and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Michigan City Municipal Airport-Phillips Field (96%, 3.4 kilometers, northwest); Goshen Municipal Airport (2.8%, 42 kilometers, southeast); and Hree Rivers Municipal Dr Haines Airport (1.6%, 63 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.