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Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Kiel-Holtenau Germany

At Kiel-Holtenau, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy; the winters are long, very cold, and mostly cloudy; and it is windy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 30°F to 72°F and is rarely below 17°F or above 82°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kiel-Holtenau for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate at Kiel-Holtenau

very coldcoldcoolcomfortablecoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow57%57%28%28%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.0 inprecipitation: 2.0 in1.1 in1.1 inmuggy: 2%muggy: 2%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.6tourism score: 6.60.00.0
Kiel-Holtenau weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

Average Temperature at Kiel-Holtenau

The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 8 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is August 6, with an average high of 72°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 19 to March 17, with an average daily high temperature below 45°F. The coldest day of the year is February 8, with an average low of 30°F and high of 39°F.

Average High and Low Temperature at Kiel-Holtenau

Average High and Low Temperature at Kiel-HoltenauwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 839°FFeb 839°FAug 672°FAug 672°F30°F30°F56°F56°FJun 865°FJun 865°FSep 1165°FSep 1165°FNov 1945°FNov 1945°FMar 1745°FMar 1745°F49°F49°F51°F51°F37°F37°F34°F34°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Hourly Temperature at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Compare Kiel-Holtenau to another city:

Clouds

At Kiel-Holtenau, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Kiel-Holtenau begins around April 3 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around October 17. On July 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 17 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around April 3. On December 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 72% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 28% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories at Kiel-Holtenau

Cloud Cover Categories at Kiel-HoltenauclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 1357%Jul 1357%Dec 1828%Dec 1828%Apr 342%Apr 342%Oct 1743%Oct 1743%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Kiel-Holtenau varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.3 months, from June 6 to March 16, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 32% on October 21.

The drier season lasts 2.7 months, from March 16 to June 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on April 24.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 32% on October 21.

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Kiel-Holtenau

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Kiel-HoltenauwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Oct 2132%Oct 2132%Apr 2419%Apr 2419%Jan 131%Jan 131%Jun 625%Jun 625%Mar 1625%Mar 1625%NowNowrainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kiel-Holtenau experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Kiel-Holtenau. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 27, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

The least rain falls around April 17, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Monthly Rainfall at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 inAug 272.0 inAug 272.0 inApr 171.1 inApr 171.1 inOct 212.0 inOct 212.0 inFeb 241.2 inFeb 241.2 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Kiel-Holtenau does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Kiel-HoltenausnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 inJan 40.1 inJan 40.1 inAug 100.0 inAug 100.0 inDec 150.1 inDec 150.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Kiel-Holtenau varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 18 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 17 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Kiel-Holtenau

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2017 hr, 14 minJun 2117 hr, 14 minJun 2112 hr, 13 minSep 2212 hr, 13 minSep 227 hr, 18 minDec 217 hr, 18 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:43 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 57 minutes later at 8:40 AM on December 29. The earliest sunset is at 3:54 PM on December 14, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 4 minutes later at 9:58 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Kiel-Holtenau during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Kiel-Holtenau

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:43 AMJun 174:43 AM9:58 PMJun 249:58 PMJun 24Dec 143:54 PMDec 143:54 PM8:40 AMDec 298:40 AMDec 29Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Kiel-Holtenau

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Kiel-Holtenau, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels at Kiel-Holtenau

Humidity Comfort Levels at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 160%Nov 160%Aug 122%Aug 122%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Kiel-Holtenau experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 7 to March 26, with average wind speeds of more than 12.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.4 months, from March 26 to October 7. The calmest day of the year is April 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Wind Speed at Kiel-HoltenauwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mph20 mph20 mphJan 2414.9 mphJan 2414.9 mphApr 2710.7 mphApr 2710.7 mphOct 712.8 mphOct 712.8 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Kiel-Holtenau varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.1 months, from October 22 to November 26, with a peak percentage of 38% on November 1. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from November 26 to October 22, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.

Wind Direction at Kiel-Holtenau

Wind Direction at Kiel-HoltenauWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Kiel-Holtenau is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.1 months, from June 17 to September 22, with an average temperature above 59°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 65°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.4 months, from December 5 to April 18, with an average temperature below 41°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 36°F.

Average Water Temperature at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Water Temperature at Kiel-HoltenauwarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F30°F35°F35°F40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°FAug 865°FAug 865°F36°FFeb 1536°FFeb 15Jun 1759°FJun 1759°FSep 2259°FSep 2259°FDec 541°FDec 541°FApr 1841°FApr 1841°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Kiel-Holtenau throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kiel-Holtenau for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score at Kiel-Holtenau

Tourism Score at Kiel-Holtenaubest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.66.60.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kiel-Holtenau for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score at Kiel-Holtenau

Beach/Pool Score at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810102.92.90.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Kiel-Holtenau typically lasts for 6.3 months (194 days), from around April 21 to around October 31, rarely starting before March 30 or after May 10, and rarely ending before October 9 or after November 22.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Kiel-Holtenau

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Kiel-Holtenaugrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 2150%Apr 2150%Oct 3150%Oct 3190%May 1090%May 1090%Oct 990%Oct 910%Mar 3010%Mar 3010%Nov 2210%Nov 220%Jan 300%Jan 30Jul 23100%Jul 23100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Kiel-Holtenau should appear around May 8, only rarely appearing before April 27 or after May 22.

Growing Degree Days at Kiel-Holtenau

Growing Degree Days at Kiel-HoltenauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F200°F200°F400°F400°F600°F600°F800°F800°F1,000°F1,000°F1,200°F1,200°F1,400°F1,400°F1,600°F1,600°F1,800°F1,800°FMay 890°FMay 890°FJul 31900°FJul 31900°FDec 311,626°FDec 311,626°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from April 29 to August 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 25, with an average of 6.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from October 22 to February 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 0.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Kiel-Holtenau

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Kiel-HoltenaubrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 256.3 kWhJun 256.3 kWhDec 250.4 kWhDec 250.4 kWhApr 295.1 kWhApr 295.1 kWhAug 145.1 kWhAug 145.1 kWhOct 221.6 kWhOct 221.6 kWhFeb 221.6 kWhFeb 221.6 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kiel-Holtenau are 54.378 deg latitude, 10.165 deg longitude, and 26 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kiel-Holtenau contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 184 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 33 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (315 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (863 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kiel-Holtenau is covered by water (37%), artificial surfaces (37%), and cropland (15%), within 10 miles by cropland (48%) and water (25%), and within 50 miles by cropland (39%) and water (33%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Kiel-Holtenau, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Kiel-Holtenau has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Kiel / Holtenau Civilian, Neumünster, Hohn, Schleswig Air Base, Itzehoe, Sydfyns Flyveplads, Hamburg Airport, and Flensburg-Schäferhaus Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.