Average Weather at Palma de Mallorca Airport Spain
At Palma de Mallorca Airport, the temperature typically varies from 40°F to 87°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 33°F or above 94°F.
The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 18 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 87°F and low of 67°F.
The cool season lasts for 4.3 months, from November 21 to March 31, with an average daily high temperature below 64°F. The coldest day of the year is January 27, with an average low of 40°F and high of 59°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day at Palma de Mallorca Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 22 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 58 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:21 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 52 minutes later at 8:12 AM on October 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:24 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 56 minutes later at 9:20 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Palma de Mallorca Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
At Palma de Mallorca Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Palma de Mallorca Airport begins around June 14 and lasts for 2.6 months, ending around September 3. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 90% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 10% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 3 and lasts for 9.4 months, ending around June 14. On October 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Palma de Mallorca Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.3 months, from September 6 to May 14, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 25% on November 19.
The drier season lasts 3.7 months, from May 14 to September 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on July 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 25% on November 19.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Palma de Mallorca Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 10 months, from August 12 to June 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 15, with an average total accumulation of 2.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from June 12 to August 12. The least rain falls around July 9, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Palma de Mallorca Airport experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from June 12 to October 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 17% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 12, with muggy conditions 67% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 10, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Palma de Mallorca Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 4 to May 1, with average wind speeds of more than 5.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 1 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Palma de Mallorca Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 5.9 months, from April 23 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 44% on August 16. The wind is most often from the west for 6.1 months, from October 19 to April 23, with a peak percentage of 40% on December 27.
Palma de Mallorca Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from July 4 to October 1, with an average temperature above 74°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 15, with an average temperature of 79°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.6 months, from December 13 to April 30, with an average temperature below 62°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 57°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 5 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 6, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 27 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 14, with an average of 2.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Palma de Mallorca Airport are 39.550 deg latitude, 2.733 deg longitude, and 13 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Palma de Mallorca Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 151 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 12 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (2,149 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (4,738 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Palma de Mallorca Airport is covered by cropland (49%) and artificial surfaces (39%), within 10 miles by cropland (42%) and water (25%), and within 50 miles by water (82%) and cropland (10%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Palma de Mallorca Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Palma de Mallorca Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .