Average Weather at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport Uruguay
At Colonia del Sacramento International Airport, the summers are warm and humid; the winters are cold; and it is wet, windy, and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 83°F and is rarely below 38°F or above 90°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Colonia del Sacramento International Airport for warm-weather activities is from late October to mid April.
The warm season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 30 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is January 15, with an average high of 83°F and low of 67°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from May 25 to August 23, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest day of the year is July 9, with an average low of 46°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Lisbon, Portugal (5,943 miles away) and Wallaroo, Australia (7,615 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Colonia del Sacramento International Airport (view comparison).
At Colonia del Sacramento International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport begins around September 20 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around April 20. On January 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 20 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around September 20. On May 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.5 months, from October 5 to April 20, with a greater than 28% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 36% on February 8.
The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from April 20 to October 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on July 27.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 36% on February 8.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Colonia del Sacramento International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 7, with an average total accumulation of 4.6 inches.
The least rain falls around July 17, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is June 20, with 9 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on December 5, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:58 AM on June 29. The earliest sunset is at 5:47 PM on June 11, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 8:07 PM on January 8.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Colonia del Sacramento International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from November 18 to April 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 12% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is February 9, with muggy conditions 47% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is July 20, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from August 18 to December 11, with average wind speeds of more than 12.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.2 months, from December 11 to August 18. The calmest day of the year is May 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 4.6 months, from April 15 to September 4, with a peak percentage of 34% on May 28. The wind is most often from the east for 7.4 months, from September 4 to April 15, with a peak percentage of 44% on January 1.
Colonia del Sacramento International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 5 to March 27, with an average temperature above 71°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is January 22, with an average temperature of 76°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.5 months, from June 3 to September 18, with an average temperature below 58°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is July 20, with an average temperature of 54°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Colonia del Sacramento International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late October to mid April, with a peak score in the third week of March.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Colonia del Sacramento International Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid December to early March, with a peak score in the second week of January.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 31 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is January 1, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 30 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 19, with an average of 2.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Colonia del Sacramento International Airport are -34.457 deg latitude, -57.769 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Colonia del Sacramento International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 171 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 45 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (328 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (715 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Colonia del Sacramento International Airport is covered by cropland (40%), grassland (25%), and water (25%), within 10 miles by water (56%) and cropland (26%), and within 50 miles by water (41%) and cropland (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Colonia del Sacramento International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Colonia del Sacramento International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back are Jorge Newbery Airport, Buenos Aires, San Fernando Airport, Buenos Aires - Ministro Pistarini International Airport, Gualeguaychu Aerodrome, and Carrasco International Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.