Average Weather at Halifax Stanfield International Airport Canada
At Halifax Stanfield International Airport, the temperature typically varies from 14°F to 75°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 0°F or above 83°F.
The warm season lasts for 102 days, from June 9 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 75°F and low of 60°F.
The cold season lasts for 103 days, from December 6 to March 19, with an average daily high temperature below 39°F. The coldest day of the year is January 30, with an average low of 14°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day at Halifax Stanfield International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:27 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 30 minutes later at 7:56 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:32 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 32 minutes later at 9:04 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Halifax Stanfield International Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 237 days, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
At Halifax Stanfield International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Halifax Stanfield International Airport begins around June 20 and lasts for 135 days, ending around November 2. On September 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 60% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 40% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 2 and lasts for 230 days, ending around June 20. On April 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 63% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 37% of the time.
Halifax Stanfield International Airport does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 24% to 32%, with an average value of 28%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Halifax Stanfield International Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 339 days, from February 15 to January 20. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 31% on June 14.
Snow alone is the most common for 26 days, from January 20 to February 15. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 11% on January 26.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Halifax Stanfield International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Halifax Stanfield International Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 30, with an average total accumulation of 3.5 inches.
The least rain falls around February 7, with and average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Halifax Stanfield International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 173 days, from November 6 to April 28, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.0 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 192 days, from April 28 to November 6. The least snow falls around August 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Halifax Stanfield International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 91 days, from June 25 to September 24, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 3, with muggy conditions 15% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is March 10, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Halifax Stanfield International Airport experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 204 days, from October 4 to April 26, with average wind speeds of more than 3.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 161 days, from April 26 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Halifax Stanfield International Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 7 days, from April 23 to April 30, with a peak percentage of 30% on March 10. The wind is most often from the south for 90 days, from April 30 to July 29, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 15. The wind is most often from the west for 268 days, from July 29 to April 23, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 8.
Halifax Stanfield International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 94 days, from July 12 to October 14, with an average temperature above 55°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 22, with an average temperature of 61°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 134 days, from December 27 to May 10, with an average temperature below 38°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 33°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 101 days, from May 14 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 110 days, from October 30 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 1.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Halifax Stanfield International Airport are 44.884 deg latitude, -63.512 deg longitude, and 354 ft elevation (map ).
The topography within 2 miles of Halifax Stanfield International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 348 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 381 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (663 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (1,181 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Halifax Stanfield International Airport is covered by trees (72%), herbaceous vegetation (11%), and grassland (11%), within 10 miles by trees (87%), and within 50 miles by trees (57%) and water (35%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Halifax Stanfield International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Halifax Stanfield International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Shearwater Airport, Shearwater Jetty, McNabs Island , N. S., Truro, N. S., Upper Stewiacke Rcs, Liverpool South Shore Regional Airport, Kentville , N. S., and Parrsboro.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .