1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Argentina
  3. Cordoba
  4. Pilar Observatorio

Average Weather at Pilar Observatorio Argentina

At Pilar Observatorio, the summers are warm, humid, and wet; the winters are short, cold, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 86°F and is rarely below 31°F or above 94°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Pilar Observatorio for warm-weather activities is from early October to mid April.

Climate Summary

hotwarmcomfortablecoolcomfortablewarmJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec79%79%60%60%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.0 inprecipitation: 5.0 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 43%muggy: 43%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.2tourism score: 7.23.23.2
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 14 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is January 8, with an average high of 86°F and low of 66°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from May 21 to August 13, with an average daily high temperature below 66°F. The coldest day of the year is July 19, with an average low of 41°F and high of 62°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Pilar ObservatoriohothotcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJul 1962°FJul 1962°FJan 886°FJan 886°F41°F41°F66°F66°FNov 1481°FNov 1481°FMar 981°FMar 981°FMay 2166°FMay 2166°F60°F60°F62°F62°F48°F48°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Pilar ObservatorioJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarm
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Maitland, Australia (7,430 miles away) and Kingaroy, Australia (7,786 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Pilar Observatorio (view comparison).

Clouds

At Pilar Observatorio, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Pilar Observatorio begins around July 31 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around May 1. On March 15, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 79% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 21% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 1 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around July 31. On June 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 40% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 60% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Pilar ObservatorioclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Mar 1579%Mar 1579%Jun 160%Jun 160%Jul 3169%Jul 3169%May 170%May 170%clearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Pilar Observatorio varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from October 16 to April 12, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on January 1.

The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from April 12 to October 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on August 9.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on January 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Pilar ObservatoriowetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 142%Jan 142%Aug 93%Aug 93%Jan 141%Jan 141%Oct 1623%Oct 1623%Apr 1223%Apr 1223%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pilar Observatorio experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.3 months, from August 21 to May 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 12, with an average total accumulation of 5.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from May 30 to August 21. The least rain falls around June 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Pilar ObservatoriorainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in2 in4 in6 in8 inJan 125.0 inJan 125.0 inJun 200.2 inJun 200.2 inAug 210.5 inAug 210.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Pilar Observatorio varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 14 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Pilar ObservatorioJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minSep 2212 hr, 7 minSep 2214 hr, 13 minDec 2114 hr, 13 minDec 2112 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2010 hr, 5 minJun 2110 hr, 5 minJun 21daydaynight
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:02 AM on December 4, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 13 minutes later at 8:15 AM on July 1. The earliest sunset is at 6:18 PM on June 10, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 6 minutes later at 8:24 PM on January 8.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Pilar Observatorio during 2018.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Pilar ObservatorioJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMDec 46:02 AMDec 46:02 AM8:24 PMJan 88:24 PMJan 8Jun 106:18 PMJun 106:18 PM8:15 AMJul 18:15 AMJul 1daynightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Pilar Observatorio experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from November 20 to April 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is January 19, with muggy conditions 43% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 20, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Pilar ObservatoriomuggymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 200%Jul 200%Jan 1943%Jan 1943%Nov 2011%Nov 2011%Apr 1311%Apr 1311%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Pilar Observatorio experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from July 16 to December 12, with average wind speeds of more than 5.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.1 months, from December 12 to July 16. The calmest day of the year is March 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Pilar ObservatoriowindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mphSep 216.2 mphSep 216.2 mphMar 74.4 mphMar 74.4 mphJul 165.3 mphJul 165.3 mphDec 125.3 mphDec 125.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Pilar Observatorio is from the north throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Pilar ObservatorioJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%southeastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Pilar Observatorio throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pilar Observatorio for general outdoor tourist activities is from early October to mid April, with a peak score in the second week of March.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Pilar Observatoriobest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.27.23.23.27.17.16.56.5 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pilar Observatorio for hot-weather activities is from early December to mid February, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Pilar ObservatorioJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.30.40.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Pilar Observatorio typically lasts for 9.9 months (302 days), from around August 18 to around June 16, rarely starting before July 19 or after September 16, and rarely ending before May 19 or after July 13.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Pilar Observatoriogrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Aug 1850%Aug 1850%Jun 1650%Jun 1690%Sep 1690%Sep 1690%May 1990%May 1910%Jul 1910%Jul 1910%Jul 1310%Jul 13Jan 11100%Jan 11100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Pilar Observatorio should appear around July 22, only rarely appearing before July 16 or after July 31.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 23 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 11, with an average of 7.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 1 to August 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 3.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Pilar ObservatoriobrightbrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhDec 117.8 kWhDec 117.8 kWhJun 223.1 kWhJun 223.1 kWhOct 236.9 kWhOct 236.9 kWhFeb 136.9 kWhFeb 136.9 kWhMay 14.1 kWhMay 14.1 kWhAug 74.1 kWhAug 74.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pilar Observatorio are -31.667 deg latitude, -63.883 deg longitude, and 1,093 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Pilar Observatorio contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 118 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,094 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (322 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (6,188 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Pilar Observatorio is covered by cropland (74%), within 10 miles by cropland (88%), and within 50 miles by cropland (74%) and shrubs (11%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Pilar Observatorio, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Pilar Observatorio has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Pajas Blancas Airport, Villa Dolores Aerodrome, and Marcos Juárez Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.