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Average Weather at Pangnirtung Canada

At Pangnirtung, the summers are cold and mostly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -22°F to 52°F and is rarely below -37°F or above 61°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Pangnirtung for warm-weather activities is from mid to late July.

Climate Summary

frigidcoldvery coldfreezingfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec45%45%21%21%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.6 inprecipitation: 2.6 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 0.7tourism score: 0.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 7 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 40°F. The hottest day of the year is July 24, with an average high of 52°F and low of 41°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 16 to March 27, with an average daily high temperature below 3°F. The coldest day of the year is February 7, with an average low of -22°F and high of -9°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingvery coldcoldfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Novyy Urengoy, Russia (3,117 miles away) and Palatka, Russia (3,519 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Pangnirtung (view comparison).

Clouds

At Pangnirtung, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Pangnirtung begins around April 11 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around July 31. On May 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 45% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 55% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around July 31 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around April 11. On December 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 79% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 21% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at PangnirtungclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2845%May 2845%Dec 2521%Dec 2521%Apr 1133%Apr 1133%Jul 3133%Jul 3133%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Pangnirtung varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.9 months, from June 8 to October 5, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on August 10.

The drier season lasts 8.1 months, from October 5 to June 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on February 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Pangnirtung changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 7.6 months, from October 9 to May 26. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 13% on November 8.

Rain alone is the most common for 4.5 months, from May 26 to October 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on August 10.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at PangnirtungsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 1034%Aug 1034%Feb 115%Feb 115%May 2615%May 2615%Oct 919%Oct 919%Jan 17%Jan 17%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pangnirtung experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 26 to October 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 17 to May 26. The least rain falls around February 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pangnirtung experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 9.6 months, from September 9 to June 27, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 3, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.7 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 2.4 months, from June 27 to September 9. The least snow falls around July 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Pangnirtung experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

In the summer at Pangnirtung during 2019, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 3.3 weeks, rising at 12:31 AM on June 10, and not setting again until 12:16 AM on July 3.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 15 minMar 2012 hr, 15 minMar 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2124 hr, 0 minJun 2112 hr, 21 minSep 2312 hr, 21 minSep 232 hr, 38 minDec 212 hr, 38 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Pangnirtung during 2019, starting in the spring on March 10, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 3.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 1012:31 AMJun 1012:31 AM12:16 AMJul 212:16 AMJul 2Dec 1912:39 PMDec 1912:39 PM10:02 AMDec 2410:02 AMDec 24Mar 10DSTMar 10DSTdaynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2019. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Pangnirtung, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Pangnirtung experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from September 9 to December 31, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.3 months, from December 31 to September 9. The calmest day of the year is July 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at PangnirtungwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphNov 128.7 mphNov 128.7 mphJul 126.0 mphJul 126.0 mphSep 97.4 mphSep 97.4 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Pangnirtung varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 1.3 months, from March 17 to April 26; for 1.6 weeks, from June 20 to July 1; and for 1.3 weeks, from August 20 to August 29, with a peak percentage of 35% on April 14. The wind is most often from the east for 1.8 months, from April 26 to June 20; for 1.6 months, from July 1 to August 20; and for 2.3 months, from August 29 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 39% on October 5. The wind is most often from the north for 4.3 months, from November 9 to March 17, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at PangnirtungNWEEENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Pangnirtung is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.0 months, from July 25 to September 23, with an average temperature above 35°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 27, with an average temperature of 37°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 6.5 months, from November 20 to June 5, with an average temperature below 31°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 12, with an average temperature of 29°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Pangnirtung throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pangnirtung for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid to late July, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.70.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.00.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Pangnirtung typically lasts for 2.6 months (79 days), from around June 21 to around September 8, rarely starting before June 4 or after July 11, and rarely ending before August 21 or after September 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 2150%Jun 2150%Sep 850%Sep 850%Jul 1190%Jul 1190%Aug 2190%Aug 2190%Jun 410%Jun 410%Sep 2610%Sep 2610%0%Nov 230%Nov 23Aug 298%Aug 298%frigidvery coldcoldfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at PangnirtungJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F20°F40°F60°F80°F100°F120°F140°F160°FDec 3158°FDec 3158°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 1 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 4, with an average of 6.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from October 8 to March 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at PangnirtungbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 46.1 kWhJun 46.1 kWhDec 220.0 kWhDec 220.0 kWhMay 14.9 kWhMay 14.9 kWhJul 214.9 kWhJul 214.9 kWhOct 81.2 kWhOct 81.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pangnirtung are 66.145 deg latitude, -65.707 deg longitude, and 512 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Pangnirtung contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,165 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 550 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,747 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,005 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Pangnirtung is covered by water (60%), sparse vegetation (21%), and grassland (13%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (42%) and bare soil (32%), and within 50 miles by water (36%) and sparse vegetation (25%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Pangnirtung, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Pangnirtung has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Pangnirtung Airport, Qikiqtarjuaq Airport, Qikiqtarjuaq Climate, and Broughton Island.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.