Average Weather at Portland International Jetport Maine, United States
At Portland International Jetport, the summers are warm, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 15°F to 79°F and is rarely below -0°F or above 87°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Portland International Jetport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid September.
The warm season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 5 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 69°F. The hottest day of the year is July 26, with an average high of 79°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 4 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 15°F and high of 31°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Portland International Jetport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Portland International Jetport begins around June 28 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 30. On September 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 28. On May 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Portland International Jetport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.1 months, from March 20 to December 23, with a greater than 28% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on June 14.
The drier season lasts 2.9 months, from December 23 to March 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 22% on February 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Portland International Jetport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from February 15 to December 28. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on June 14.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.6 months, from December 28 to February 15. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 11% on January 6.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Portland International Jetport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Portland International Jetport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around October 23, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.
The least rain falls around January 21, with an average total accumulation of 1.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Portland International Jetport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 30 to April 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 21 to October 30. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Portland International Jetport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:59 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 21 minutes later at 7:19 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:04 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 23 minutes later at 8:26 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Portland International Jetport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Portland International Jetport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from June 17 to September 15, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 30, with muggy conditions 26% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 23, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
The average hourly wind speed at Portland International Jetport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 17 to April 20, with average wind speeds of more than 7.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 20, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 20 to October 17. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Portland International Jetport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 months, from April 25 to June 26, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 24. The wind is most often from the west for 10.0 months, from June 26 to April 25, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.
Portland International Jetport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from June 28 to September 24, with an average temperature above 58°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 63°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from January 3 to April 26, with an average temperature below 43°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 11, with an average temperature of 38°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Portland International Jetport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Portland International Jetport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Portland International Jetport for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season at Portland International Jetport typically lasts for 5.6 months (170 days), from around April 26 to around October 13, rarely starting before April 10 or after May 12, and rarely ending before September 28 or after October 29.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Portland International Jetport should appear around May 10, only rarely appearing before April 29 or after May 20.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 8 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 1 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Portland International Jetport are 43.647 deg latitude, -70.310 deg longitude, and 49 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Portland International Jetport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 164 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 46 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (479 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,943 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Portland International Jetport is covered by artificial surfaces (92%), within 10 miles by trees (39%) and water (29%), and within 50 miles by trees (50%) and water (43%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Portland International Jetport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Portland International Jetport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Auburn/Lewiston Municipal Airport, Naval Air Station Brunswick, Sanford Seacoast Regional Airport, Wiscasset Airport, Skyhaven Airport, Fryeburg/Eastern Slopes Regional Airport, Portsmouth International Airport at Pease, and Augusta State Airport.
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .