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Average Weather at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport Virginia, United States

At Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, the summers are hot and muggy, the winters are very cold, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 30°F to 88°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 96°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec65%65%48%48%clearovercastprecipitation: 3.5 inprecipitation: 3.5 in2.6 in2.6 inmuggy: 68%muggy: 68%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.7tourism score: 6.70.30.3
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport for warm-weather activities are from early to mid June and from mid August to early October.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.5 months, from May 30 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 88°F and low of 73°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 30 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 52°F. The coldest day of the year is January 30, with an average low of 30°F and high of 44°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirporthotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJan 3044°FJan 3044°FJul 2188°FJul 2188°F30°F30°F73°F73°FMay 3079°FMay 3079°FSep 1679°FSep 1679°FNov 3052°FNov 3052°FMar 452°FMar 452°F63°F63°F65°F65°F39°F39°F36°F36°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmwarmhotvery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Qabaqçöl, Azerbaijan (5,833 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport begins around July 4 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around November 14. On September 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 65% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 35% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 14 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around July 4. On January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2365%Sep 2365%Jan 548%Jan 548%Jul 456%Jul 456%Nov 1457%Nov 1457%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from April 12 to August 25, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 17.

The drier season lasts 7.6 months, from August 25 to April 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on October 20.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 39% on June 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 1739%Jun 1739%Oct 2020%Oct 2020%Jan 122%Jan 122%Apr 1230%Apr 1230%Aug 2530%Aug 2530%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 25, with an average total accumulation of 3.5 inches.

The least rain falls around January 30, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from November 25 to March 20, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from March 20 to November 25. The least snow falls around July 15, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inJan 300.6 inJan 300.6 inJul 150.0 inJul 150.0 inNov 250.1 inNov 250.1 inMar 200.1 inMar 200.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 27 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 54 minJun 2114 hr, 54 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 27 minDec 219 hr, 27 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:42 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 56 minutes later at 7:38 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:46 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 51 minutes later at 8:37 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 135:42 AMJun 135:42 AM8:37 PMJun 278:37 PMJun 27Dec 64:46 PMDec 64:46 PM7:38 AMNov 47:38 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 22 to September 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 17% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 28, with muggy conditions 68% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 3, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 30%Feb 30%Jul 2868%Jul 2868%May 2217%May 2217%Sep 3017%Sep 3017%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortablemiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 21 to May 8, with average wind speeds of more than 7.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 8 to October 21. The calmest day of the year is August 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphFeb 269.6 mphFeb 269.6 mphAug 15.7 mphAug 15.7 mphOct 217.7 mphOct 217.7 mphMay 87.7 mphMay 87.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 3.0 weeks, from March 6 to March 27, with a peak percentage of 32% on March 10. The wind is most often from the west for 4.1 weeks, from March 27 to April 25; for 3.4 weeks, from June 29 to July 23; and for 4.6 months, from October 17 to March 6, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 8. The wind is most often from the south for 2.1 months, from April 25 to June 29 and for 2.8 months, from July 23 to October 17, with a peak percentage of 35% on August 16.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportWNWSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.3 months, from June 23 to October 2, with an average temperature above 69°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 77°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.5 months, from December 20 to April 5, with an average temperature below 44°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 7, with an average temperature of 36°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°FAug 1077°FAug 1077°F36°FFeb 736°FFeb 7Jun 2369°FJun 2369°FOct 269°FOct 269°FDec 2044°FDec 2044°FApr 544°FApr 544°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport for general outdoor tourist activities are from early to mid June and from mid August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.76.70.30.36.06.05.45.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.56.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport typically lasts for 7.9 months (242 days), from around March 25 to around November 22, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 12, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 16.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2550%Mar 2550%Nov 2250%Nov 2290%Apr 1290%Apr 1290%Nov 290%Nov 210%Mar 610%Mar 610%Dec 1610%Dec 160%Jan 240%Jan 24Jul 22100%Jul 22100%freezingvery coldcoldcomfortablewarmhotcool
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport should appear around March 19, only rarely appearing before March 4 or after April 3.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°F4,500°FMar 1983°FMar 1983°FJun 1900°FJun 1900°FJul 71,800°FJul 71,800°FDec 314,457°FDec 314,457°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from April 28 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 6 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Ronald Reagan Washington National AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 236.9 kWhJun 236.9 kWhDec 242.0 kWhDec 242.0 kWhApr 285.9 kWhApr 285.9 kWhAug 225.9 kWhAug 225.9 kWhNov 63.0 kWhNov 63.0 kWhFeb 93.0 kWhFeb 93.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport are 38.852 deg latitude, -77.037 deg longitude, and 26 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 167 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 21 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (476 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,909 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (66%) and water (31%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (83%), and within 50 miles by trees (40%) and cropland (22%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Washington Executive Airport/Hyde Field, College Park Airport, Mount Vernon Hospital Heliport, Montgomery County Airpark, Tipton Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport, Quantico Marine Corps Airfield / Turner Field, and Baltimore-Washington International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.