Average Weather in Nashville Tennessee, United States
In Nashville, the summers are hot and muggy, the winters are chilly and wet, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 90°F and is rarely below 16°F or above 96°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 26 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 90°F and low of 72°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 28 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 56°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 31°F and high of 48°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Nashville, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Nashville begins around June 14 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around November 13. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 13 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around June 14. On January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Nashville varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from March 19 to August 20, with a greater than 32% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on June 30.
The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from August 20 to March 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 23% on October 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on June 30.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Nashville experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Nashville. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 2, with an average total accumulation of 4.7 inches.
The least rain falls around August 23, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Nashville does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Nashville varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 42 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:29 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 44 minutes later at 7:13 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:32 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 36 minutes later at 8:08 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Nashville during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Nashville experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from May 18 to September 26, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 20% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 79% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Nashville experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 20 to May 16, with average wind speeds of more than 3.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 16 to October 20. The calmest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Nashville is from the south throughout the year.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from April 15 to September 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 10 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Nashville are 36.166 deg latitude, -86.784 deg longitude, and 466 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Nashville contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 269 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 461 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (768 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,745 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Nashville is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (57%) and trees (30%), and within 50 miles by cropland (49%) and trees (43%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Nashville, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Nashville.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Nashville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Nashville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Nashville and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Nashville International Airport (92%, 10 kilometers, southeast); Outlaw Field (4.9%, 76 kilometers, northwest); and Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport (3.5%, 95 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.