Average Weather at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport Florida, United States
At Florida Keys Marathon International Airport, the summers are long, hot, oppressive, wet, and mostly cloudy and the winters are short, comfortable, humid, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 65°F to 91°F and is rarely below 55°F or above 93°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Florida Keys Marathon International Airport for hot-weather activities are from mid March to mid May and from late October to late November.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 29 to September 29, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 7, with an average high of 91°F and low of 81°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from December 7 to March 2, with an average daily high temperature below 78°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of 65°F and high of 75°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Florida Keys Marathon International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport begins around October 20 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 22. On March 6, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 73% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 27% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around May 22 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 20. On June 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 70% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 30% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.8 months, from May 22 to October 15, with a greater than 37% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 63% on September 16.
The drier season lasts 7.2 months, from October 15 to May 22. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on January 26.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 63% on September 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Florida Keys Marathon International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 8, with an average total accumulation of 6.0 inches.
The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport varies over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:33 AM on November 4, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 4 minutes later at 7:37 AM on March 11. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on November 29, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 43 minutes later at 8:17 PM on July 3.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Florida Keys Marathon International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from March 30 to December 11, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 56% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 8, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 41% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 8 to May 4, with average wind speeds of more than 11.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 4 to October 8. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport is from the east throughout the year.
Florida Keys Marathon International Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.8 months, from June 14 to October 6, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 86°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 18 to March 28, with an average temperature below 76°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 2, with an average temperature of 74°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Florida Keys Marathon International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid November to early April, with a peak score in the second week of February.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Florida Keys Marathon International Airport for hot-weather activities are from mid March to mid May and from late October to late November, with a peak score in the second week of April.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from March 22 to May 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 1, with an average of 6.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 7 to January 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Florida Keys Marathon International Airport are 24.725 deg latitude, -81.052 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Florida Keys Marathon International Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 3 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (7 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (16 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Florida Keys Marathon International Airport is covered by water (77%) and artificial surfaces (15%), within 10 miles by water (97%), and within 50 miles by water (90%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Florida Keys Marathon International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Florida Keys Marathon International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back are Naval Air Station Key West, Key West International Airport, Homestead Air Force Base, Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport, Miami International Airport, Opa-locka Executive Airport, North Perry Airport, and Juan Gualberto Gómez International Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.