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Average Weather at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System Canada

At S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System, the summers are comfortable, the winters are freezing and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 21°F to 78°F and is rarely below 7°F or above 84°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%33%33%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.6 inprecipitation: 2.6 in1.1 in1.1 inmuggy: 29%muggy: 29%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.6tourism score: 7.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from June 3 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is July 26, with an average high of 78°F and low of 69°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from December 7 to March 18, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 21°F and high of 31°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJan 2931°FJan 2931°FJul 2678°FJul 2678°F21°F21°F69°F69°FJun 368°FJun 368°FSep 2468°FSep 2468°FDec 741°FDec 741°FMar 1841°FMar 1841°F57°F57°F58°F58°F32°F32°F31°F31°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablevery coldwarmfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Hirosaki, Japan (6,147 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System (view comparison).

Clouds

At S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System begins around May 28 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around November 10. On August 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 10 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around May 28. On January 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 968%Aug 968%Jan 1033%Jan 1033%May 2850%May 2850%Nov 1051%Nov 1051%clearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from March 25 to October 13, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on June 13.

The drier season lasts 5.4 months, from October 13 to March 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on January 29.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 37% on June 13.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 1337%Jun 1337%Jan 2915%Jan 2915%Jan 123%Jan 123%Mar 2526%Mar 2526%Oct 1326%Oct 1326%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.

The least rain falls around February 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inJun 82.6 inJun 82.6 inFeb 40.7 inFeb 40.7 inJul 282.5 inJul 282.5 inSep 102.5 inSep 102.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from December 1 to April 14, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 23, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from April 14 to December 1. The least snow falls around July 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inFeb 230.4 inFeb 230.4 inJul 300.0 inJul 300.0 inDec 10.1 inDec 10.1 inApr 140.1 inApr 140.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 8 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2015 hr, 13 minJun 2115 hr, 13 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 8 minDec 219 hr, 8 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:54 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 12 minutes later at 8:06 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:58 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 10 minutes later at 9:08 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:54 AMJun 145:54 AM9:08 PMJun 279:08 PMJun 27Dec 84:58 PMDec 84:58 PM8:06 AMNov 48:06 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 4 to September 17, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 7% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 20, with muggy conditions 29% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 90%Dec 90%Jul 2029%Jul 2029%Jun 47%Jun 47%Sep 177%Sep 177%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 3 to April 21, with average wind speeds of more than 12.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 15.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 21 to October 3. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mph24 mphJan 415.4 mphJan 415.4 mphJul 318.7 mphJul 318.7 mphOct 312.1 mphOct 312.1 mphApr 2112.1 mphApr 2112.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.5 months, from August 17 to October 3, with a peak percentage of 32% on September 21. The wind is most often from the west for 10 months, from October 3 to August 17, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.2 months, from June 21 to September 26, with an average temperature above 66°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 2, with an average temperature of 74°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.2 months, from December 11 to April 17, with an average temperature below 42°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 17, with an average temperature of 34°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemwarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°FAug 274°FAug 274°F34°FFeb 1734°FFeb 17Jun 2166°FJun 2166°FSep 2666°FSep 2666°FDec 1142°FDec 1142°FApr 1742°FApr 1742°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation Systembest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.67.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System for hot-weather activities is from mid July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation Systembest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.85.80.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System typically lasts for 7.1 months (217 days), from around April 12 to around November 15, rarely starting before March 27 or after April 28, and rarely ending before October 27 or after December 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation Systemgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1250%Apr 1250%Nov 1550%Nov 1590%Apr 2890%Apr 2890%Oct 2790%Oct 2710%Mar 2710%Mar 2710%Dec 610%Dec 60%Feb 70%Feb 7Jul 27100%Jul 27100%freezingvery coldcomfortablewarmcoolcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System should appear around May 9, only rarely appearing before April 26 or after May 21.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystemJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°FMay 989°FMay 989°FJul 7900°FJul 7900°FAug 161,800°FAug 161,800°FDec 312,855°FDec 312,855°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 2 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 3 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 1.5 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation SystembrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 17.0 kWhJul 17.0 kWhDec 201.5 kWhDec 201.5 kWhMay 25.9 kWhMay 25.9 kWhAug 235.9 kWhAug 235.9 kWhNov 32.6 kWhNov 32.6 kWhFeb 132.6 kWhFeb 132.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System are 41.833 deg latitude, -82.467 deg longitude, and 568 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 568 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (23 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (587 feet).

The area within 2 miles of S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System is covered by water (100%), within 10 miles by water (97%), and within 50 miles by water (57%) and cropland (23%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

S. E. Shoal Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Point Pelee, Harrow Auto, Lorain County Regional Airport, Windsor Airport, Erieau Meteorological Aeronautical Presentation System, Grosse Ile Municipal Airport, Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport, and Detroit City Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.