Average Weather at Monroe County Airport Indiana, United States
At Monroe County Airport, the summers are long, warm, humid, and wet; the winters are chilly; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 85°F and is rarely below 4°F or above 93°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 85°F and low of 66°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 30 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 22°F and high of 38°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Monroe County Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Monroe County Airport begins around June 13 and lasts for 4.6 months, ending around November 1. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 1 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around June 13. On December 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Monroe County Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from March 23 to August 13, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on May 21.
The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from August 13 to March 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on January 28.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on May 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Monroe County Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Monroe County Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 7, with an average total accumulation of 4.5 inches.
The least rain falls around February 4, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Monroe County Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from November 25 to March 22, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from March 22 to November 25. The least snow falls around July 14, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Monroe County Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 25 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 55 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:19 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 58 minutes later at 8:17 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:23 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 53 minutes later at 9:16 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Monroe County Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Monroe County Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 16% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 62% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 23, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Monroe County Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 16 to May 18, with average wind speeds of more than 3.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 18 to October 16. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Monroe County Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.8 months, from March 12 to July 7 and for 3.9 months, from August 11 to December 8, with a peak percentage of 39% on November 14. The wind is most often from the west for 1.1 months, from July 7 to August 11 and for 3.1 months, from December 8 to March 12, with a peak percentage of 33% on July 14.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from April 28 to August 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 6 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 1.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Monroe County Airport are 39.138 deg latitude, -86.617 deg longitude, and 830 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Monroe County Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 236 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 843 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (486 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (722 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Monroe County Airport is covered by cropland (60%) and trees (37%), within 10 miles by trees (68%) and cropland (25%), and within 50 miles by cropland (53%) and trees (42%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Monroe County Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Monroe County Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Indianapolis International Airport; Terre Haute Hulman Regional A; Terre Haute, Terre Haute International Airport - Hulman Field; Eagle Creek Airpark; Shelbyville Municipal Airport; Huntingburg Airport; Indianapolis Executive Airport; and Crawford County Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.