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Average Weather at Indianapolis International Airport Indiana, United States

At Indianapolis International Airport, the summers are long, warm, humid, and wet; the winters are short, freezing, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 85°F and is rarely below 3°F or above 92°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec70%70%41%41%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.2 inprecipitation: 4.2 in2.0 in2.0 inmuggy: 55%muggy: 55%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.7tourism score: 6.70.10.1
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Indianapolis International Airport for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late September.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 24 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 85°F and low of 68°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 1 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 22°F and high of 36°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Indianapolis International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldvery coldfreezingfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chuncheon, South Korea (6,666 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Indianapolis International Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Indianapolis International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Indianapolis International Airport begins around June 14 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 31. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 31 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around June 14. On December 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Indianapolis International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 2370%Aug 2370%Dec 2841%Dec 2841%Jun 1455%Jun 1455%Oct 3155%Oct 3155%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Indianapolis International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.8 months, from March 26 to August 21, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on June 8.

The drier season lasts 7.2 months, from August 21 to March 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on January 28.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on June 8.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Indianapolis International AirportwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 842%Jun 842%Jan 2820%Jan 2820%Jan 122%Jan 122%Mar 2631%Mar 2631%Aug 2131%Aug 2131%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Indianapolis International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Indianapolis International Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 26, with an average total accumulation of 4.2 inches.

The least rain falls around January 28, with an average total accumulation of 1.6 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Indianapolis International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in2 in4 in6 in8 inMay 264.2 inMay 264.2 inJan 281.6 inJan 281.6 inNov 133.0 inNov 133.0 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Indianapolis International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 23 to March 24, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 24 to November 23. The least snow falls around July 18, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Indianapolis International AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 inFeb 10.4 inFeb 10.4 inJul 180.0 inJul 180.0 inNov 230.1 inNov 230.1 inMar 240.1 inMar 240.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Indianapolis International Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 21 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Indianapolis International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 59 minJun 2114 hr, 59 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 21 minDec 219 hr, 21 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:16 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 1 minute later at 8:17 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:20 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 57 minutes later at 9:17 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Indianapolis International Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Indianapolis International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 146:16 AMJun 146:16 AM9:17 PMJun 279:17 PMJun 27Dec 75:20 PMDec 75:20 PM8:17 AMNov 48:17 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Indianapolis International Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 25 to September 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 14% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 55% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 10, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Indianapolis International AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 100%Feb 100%Jul 2255%Jul 2255%May 2514%May 2514%Sep 2214%Sep 2214%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydryhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortablemiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Indianapolis International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 12 to May 21, with average wind speeds of more than 8.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 21 to October 12. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Indianapolis International AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphApr 111.1 mphApr 111.1 mphJul 316.3 mphJul 316.3 mphOct 128.7 mphOct 128.7 mphMay 218.7 mphMay 218.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Indianapolis International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.1 months, from March 30 to July 1 and for 3.7 months, from August 13 to December 3, with a peak percentage of 38% on November 14. The wind is most often from the west for 1.4 months, from July 1 to August 13 and for 3.9 months, from December 3 to March 30, with a peak percentage of 34% on July 20.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Indianapolis International AirportWSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Indianapolis International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Indianapolis International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Indianapolis International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.76.70.10.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Indianapolis International Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Indianapolis International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.95.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Indianapolis International Airport typically lasts for 6.5 months (198 days), from around April 10 to around October 25, rarely starting before March 24 or after April 27, and rarely ending before October 4 or after November 15.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Indianapolis International Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1050%Apr 1050%Oct 2550%Oct 2590%Apr 2790%Apr 2790%Oct 490%Oct 410%Mar 2410%Mar 2410%Nov 1510%Nov 150%Dec 200%Dec 20Jul 19100%Jul 19100%frigidfreezingvery coldcomfortablewarmcoolhotcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Indianapolis International Airport should appear around March 29, only rarely appearing before March 14 or after April 15.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Indianapolis International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°F4,000°FMar 2988°FMar 2988°FJun 9900°FJun 9900°FJul 171,800°FJul 171,800°FDec 313,758°FDec 313,758°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from April 30 to August 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 6.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 5 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 1.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Indianapolis International AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 26.8 kWhJul 26.8 kWhDec 171.8 kWhDec 171.8 kWhApr 305.8 kWhApr 305.8 kWhAug 295.8 kWhAug 295.8 kWhNov 52.8 kWhNov 52.8 kWhFeb 102.8 kWhFeb 102.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Indianapolis International Airport are 39.715 deg latitude, -86.298 deg longitude, and 764 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Indianapolis International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 766 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (577 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (794 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Indianapolis International Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (91%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (57%) and cropland (38%), and within 50 miles by cropland (69%) and trees (22%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Indianapolis International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Indianapolis International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Eagle Creek Airpark, Indianapolis Executive Airport, Shelbyville Municipal Airport, Monroe County Airport, Kokomo Municipal Airport, Grissom Air Force Base / Peru, Purdue University Airport, and Logansport Cass County Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.