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Average Weather at Dannelly Field Alabama, United States

At Dannelly Field, the summers are long, hot, and muggy; the winters are short and cold; and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 92°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 97°F.

Climate Summary

coolcomfortablewarmhotwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%48%48%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.3 inprecipitation: 5.3 in2.7 in2.7 inmuggy: 95%muggy: 95%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.3tourism score: 6.31.91.9
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Dannelly Field for warm-weather activities are from mid April to early June and from mid September to late October.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 22 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 92°F and low of 73°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.8 months, from December 1 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 65°F. The coldest day of the year is January 17, with an average low of 38°F and high of 58°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Dannelly FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotwarmvery coldvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Al Quwayrah, Jordan (6,702 miles away) and Muzaffarābād, Pakistan (7,657 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Dannelly Field (view comparison).

Clouds

At Dannelly Field, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Dannelly Field begins around August 6 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around November 27. On October 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 27 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around August 6. On January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Dannelly FieldclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 868%Oct 868%Jan 348%Jan 348%Aug 658%Aug 658%Nov 2758%Nov 2758%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Dannelly Field varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from May 27 to August 28, with a greater than 34% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 49% on July 9.

The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from August 28 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 19% on October 15.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 49% on July 9.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Dannelly FieldwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 949%Jul 949%Oct 1519%Oct 1519%Jan 129%Jan 129%May 2734%May 2734%Aug 2834%Aug 2834%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Dannelly Field experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Dannelly Field. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 11, with an average total accumulation of 5.3 inches.

The least rain falls around October 16, with an average total accumulation of 2.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Dannelly Field varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 2 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 16 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Dannelly FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 16 minJun 2014 hr, 16 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2210 hr, 2 minDec 2110 hr, 2 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:38 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 27 minutes later at 7:05 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:40 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 16 minutes later at 7:56 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Dannelly Field during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Dannelly FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 115:38 AMJun 115:38 AM7:56 PMJun 297:56 PMJun 29Dec 34:40 PMDec 34:40 PM7:05 AMNov 47:05 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Dannelly Field experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 8 to October 8, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 95% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 30, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Dannelly FieldmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 300%Jan 300%95%Jul 2495%Jul 24May 824%May 824%Oct 824%Oct 824%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydryhumidhumidmiserablemiserablecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Dannelly Field experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 27 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 4.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 13 to September 27. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Dannelly FieldwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mphFeb 266.0 mphFeb 266.0 mphAug 63.8 mphAug 63.8 mphSep 274.9 mphSep 274.9 mphMay 134.9 mphMay 134.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Dannelly Field varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.6 months, from February 26 to June 15, with a peak percentage of 38% on May 4. The wind is most often from the east for 2.9 months, from August 13 to November 9, with a peak percentage of 44% on September 15. The wind is most often from the north for 3.6 months, from November 9 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 32% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Dannelly FieldNSWENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Dannelly Field throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Dannelly Field for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid April to early June and from mid September to late October, with a peak score in the first week of October.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Dannelly Fieldbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.31.91.96.26.24.64.6 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dannelly Field for hot-weather activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Dannelly Fieldbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.30.35.85.8 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Dannelly Field typically lasts for 8.5 months (261 days), from around March 5 to around November 22, rarely starting before February 11 or after March 28, and rarely ending before November 1 or after December 12.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Dannelly Fieldgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 550%Mar 550%Nov 2250%Nov 2290%Mar 2890%Mar 2890%Nov 190%Nov 110%Feb 1110%Feb 1110%Dec 1210%Dec 12Jul 12100%Jul 12100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezingsweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Dannelly Field should appear around January 26, only rarely appearing before January 15 or after February 12.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Dannelly FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°FJan 2689°FJan 2689°FApr 24900°FApr 24900°FJun 41,800°FJun 41,800°FDec 316,034°FDec 316,034°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from April 8 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 20, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 15 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.7 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Dannelly FieldbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhMay 206.7 kWhMay 206.7 kWhDec 232.7 kWhDec 232.7 kWhApr 85.9 kWhApr 85.9 kWhAug 185.9 kWhAug 185.9 kWhFeb 23.5 kWhFeb 23.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dannelly Field are 32.300 deg latitude, -86.393 deg longitude, and 194 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Dannelly Field contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 128 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 197 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (223 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,099 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Dannelly Field is covered by cropland (61%), artificial surfaces (22%), and trees (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (48%) and trees (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (72%) and cropland (20%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Dannelly Field, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Dannelly Field has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Maxwell Air Force Base / Montgomery; Mac Crenshaw Memorial Airport; Troy Municipal Airport; Thomas C Russell Field; Shelby County Airport; Andalusia, Andalusia-Opp Municipal Airport; Auburn-Opelika Robert G Pitts Airport; and Centreville.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.