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Average Weather at Troy Municipal Airport Alabama, United States

At Troy Municipal Airport, the summers are long, hot, and oppressive; the winters are short and cold; and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 91°F and is rarely below 24°F or above 96°F.

Climate Summary

coolcomfortablewarmhotwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec67%67%49%49%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.3 inprecipitation: 5.3 in2.7 in2.7 inmuggy: 96%muggy: 96%1%1%drydrytourism score: 6.2tourism score: 6.22.02.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Troy Municipal Airport for warm-weather activities are from mid April to early June and from early September to late October.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 20 to September 22, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 91°F and low of 71°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 30 to February 24, with an average daily high temperature below 65°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 38°F and high of 59°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Troy Municipal AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldcoldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery coldvery coldwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

San Juan, Argentina (4,532 miles away) and Muzaffarābād, Pakistan (7,679 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Troy Municipal Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Troy Municipal Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Troy Municipal Airport begins around August 26 and lasts for 3.2 months, ending around December 2. On October 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around December 2 and lasts for 8.8 months, ending around August 26. On January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Troy Municipal AirportclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 867%Oct 867%Jan 349%Jan 349%Aug 2658%Aug 2658%Dec 258%Dec 258%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Troy Municipal Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.9 months, from June 1 to August 30, with a greater than 35% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 51% on July 17.

The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from August 30 to June 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on October 16.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 51% on July 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Troy Municipal AirportwetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 1751%Jul 1751%Oct 1618%Oct 1618%Jan 128%Jan 128%Jun 135%Jun 135%Aug 3035%Aug 3035%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Troy Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Troy Municipal Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 11, with an average total accumulation of 5.3 inches.

The least rain falls around October 17, with an average total accumulation of 2.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Troy Municipal Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 4 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Troy Municipal AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 14 minJun 2014 hr, 14 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2210 hr, 4 minDec 2110 hr, 4 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:37 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 25 minutes later at 7:03 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:39 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 14 minutes later at 7:53 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Troy Municipal Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Troy Municipal AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 115:37 AMJun 115:37 AM7:53 PMJun 297:53 PMJun 29Dec 34:39 PMDec 34:39 PM7:03 AMNov 47:03 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Troy Municipal Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 9 to October 10, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 24% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 96% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 31, with muggy conditions 1% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Troy Municipal AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 311%Jan 311%96%Jul 2496%Jul 24May 924%May 924%Oct 1024%Oct 1024%oppressiveoppressivedrydrymuggymuggyhumidhumidmiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Troy Municipal Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from October 1 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 3.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 13 to October 1. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Troy Municipal AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mphFeb 264.8 mphFeb 264.8 mphAug 63.0 mphAug 63.0 mphOct 13.9 mphOct 13.9 mphMay 133.9 mphMay 133.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Troy Municipal Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.8 months, from February 25 to June 18, with a peak percentage of 37% on May 4. The wind is most often from the east for 3.0 months, from August 14 to November 14, with a peak percentage of 45% on September 15. The wind is most often from the north for 3.4 months, from November 14 to February 25, with a peak percentage of 32% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Troy Municipal AirportNSWENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Troy Municipal Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Troy Municipal Airport for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid April to early June and from early September to late October, with a peak score in the first week of October.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Troy Municipal Airportbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.26.22.02.06.16.14.64.6 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Troy Municipal Airport for hot-weather activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Troy Municipal Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.95.90.30.35.75.7precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Troy Municipal Airport typically lasts for 8.0 months (243 days), from around March 15 to around November 13, rarely starting before February 21 or after April 5, and rarely ending before October 24 or after December 4.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Troy Municipal Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 1550%Mar 1550%Nov 1350%Nov 1390%Apr 590%Apr 590%Oct 2490%Oct 2410%Feb 2110%Feb 2110%Dec 410%Dec 4Jul 16100%Jul 16100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Troy Municipal Airport should appear around January 25, only rarely appearing before January 14 or after February 12.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Troy Municipal AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°FJan 2590°FJan 2590°FApr 25900°FApr 25900°FJun 61,800°FJun 61,800°FDec 315,839°FDec 315,839°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from April 8 to August 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 20, with an average of 6.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 15 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Troy Municipal AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhMay 206.8 kWhMay 206.8 kWhDec 232.8 kWhDec 232.8 kWhApr 86.0 kWhApr 86.0 kWhAug 46.0 kWhAug 46.0 kWhFeb 33.6 kWhFeb 33.6 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Troy Municipal Airport are 31.860 deg latitude, -86.012 deg longitude, and 384 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Troy Municipal Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 187 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 377 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (384 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (591 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Troy Municipal Airport is covered by trees (69%) and cropland (27%), within 10 miles by trees (77%) and cropland (17%), and within 50 miles by trees (70%) and cropland (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Troy Municipal Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Troy Municipal Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Fort Rucker, Lowe Army Heliport; Dannelly Field; Mac Crenshaw Memorial Airport; Fort Rucker, Hanchey Army Heliport; Maxwell Air Force Base / Montgomery; Cairns Army Airfield (Fort Rucker); Andalusia, Andalusia-Opp Municipal Airport; and Dothan Regional Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.