Climate and Average Weather Year Round at Middleton Field Alabama, United States
At Middleton Field, the summers are long, hot, and oppressive; the winters are short and cold; and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 91°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 96°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Middleton Field for warm-weather activities are from mid April to late May and from mid September to late October.
Climate at Middleton Field
Average Temperature at Middleton Field
The hot season lasts for 4.1 months, from May 19 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 91°F and low of 71°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 30 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 66°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 38°F and high of 61°F.
Average High and Low Temperature at Middleton Field
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature at Middleton Field
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Middleton Field, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Middleton Field begins around August 28 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around December 6. On October 9, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around December 6 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around August 28. On July 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories at Middleton Field
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Middleton Field varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from June 4 to September 3, with a greater than 39% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 57% on July 15.
The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from September 3 to June 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on October 10.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 57% on July 15.
Daily Chance of Precipitation at Middleton Field
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Middleton Field experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Middleton Field. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 9, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.
The least rain falls around October 17, with an average total accumulation of 3.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall at Middleton Field
The length of the day at Middleton Field varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 6 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Middleton Field
The earliest sunrise is at 5:43 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 25 minutes later at 7:08 AM on November 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:44 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 12 minutes later at 7:56 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Middleton Field during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Middleton Field
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases at Middleton Field
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Middleton Field experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 4 to October 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 97% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 1% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels at Middleton Field
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Middleton Field experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from September 28 to May 17, with average wind speeds of more than 3.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.3 months, from May 17 to September 28. The calmest day of the year is August 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed at Middleton Field
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Middleton Field varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 5.7 months, from February 26 to August 17, with a peak percentage of 44% on May 4. The wind is most often from the east for 1.5 months, from August 17 to October 3, with a peak percentage of 39% on September 15. The wind is most often from the north for 4.8 months, from October 3 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.
Wind Direction at Middleton Field
Middleton Field is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 9 to October 6, with an average temperature above 80°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 16 to April 7, with an average temperature below 67°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 20, with an average temperature of 63°F.
Average Water Temperature at Middleton Field
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Middleton Field throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Middleton Field for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid April to late May and from mid September to late October, with a peak score in the first week of October.
Tourism Score at Middleton Field
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Middleton Field for hot-weather activities are from late May to mid July and from late July to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
Beach/Pool Score at Middleton Field
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Middleton Field typically lasts for 8.1 months (247 days), from around March 14 to around November 17, rarely starting before February 22 or after April 2, and rarely ending before October 27 or after December 8.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Middleton Field
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Middleton Field should appear around January 22, only rarely appearing before January 12 or after February 8.
Growing Degree Days at Middleton Field
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from April 5 to July 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 19, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 16 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Middleton Field
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Middleton Field are 31.415 deg latitude, -87.041 deg longitude, and 240 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Middleton Field contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 187 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 242 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (289 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (574 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Middleton Field is covered by trees (62%) and cropland (35%), within 10 miles by trees (81%) and cropland (17%), and within 50 miles by trees (79%) and cropland (15%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Middleton Field, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Middleton Field has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Mac Crenshaw Memorial Airport; Andalusia, Andalusia-Opp Municipal Airport; Milton, Whiting Field Naval Air Station North; Milton, Whiting Field South; Florala Municipal Airport; Bob Sikes Airport; Milton, Choctaw Pensacola, Naval Auxiliary Landing Field; and Duke Field.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.