Average Weather at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport Wisconsin, United States
At Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport, the summers are long, warm, and wet; the winters are freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 15°F to 83°F and is rarely below -6°F or above 92°F.
The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 21 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 83°F and low of 63°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 1 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 40°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 15°F and high of 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport begins around June 8 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 25. On August 26, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 25 and lasts for 7.4 months, ending around June 8. On December 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.0 months, from April 4 to October 4, with a greater than 26% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 14.
The drier season lasts 6.0 months, from October 4 to April 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 12% on February 2.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 6 to January 6. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on June 14.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.0 months, from January 6 to February 6. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 15, with an average total accumulation of 4.0 inches.
The least rain falls around January 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from November 14 to April 1, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from April 1 to November 14. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 3 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 16 minutes later at 7:34 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:22 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:38 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from June 3 to September 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 22, with muggy conditions 43% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from October 2 to May 26, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.2 months, from May 26 to October 2. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.5 months, from February 27 to April 11, with a peak percentage of 31% on March 8. The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 months, from May 14 to July 14; for 6.0 days, from July 16 to July 22; for 2.8 months, from July 29 to October 23; and for 3.3 weeks, from October 23 to November 15, with a peak percentage of 38% on September 6. The wind is most often from the west for 2.0 days, from July 14 to July 16; for 1.0 weeks, from July 22 to July 29; and for 3.4 months, from November 15 to February 27, with a peak percentage of 32% on July 14.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 31 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 1.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport are 42.615 deg latitude, -89.041 deg longitude, and 801 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 82 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 786 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (308 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (919 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport is covered by cropland (74%), within 10 miles by cropland (82%) and artificial surfaces (13%), and within 50 miles by cropland (82%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Chicago/Rockford International Airport; Monroe Municipal Airport; Dane County Regional Airport; Watertown Municipal Airport; Albertus Airport; Rochelle, Rochelle Municipal-Koritz Field Airport; Burlington Municipal Airport; and DeKalb Taylor Municipal Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.