Average Weather at Ely Municipal Airport Minnesota, United States
At Ely Municipal Airport, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, snowy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -2°F to 77°F and is rarely below -27°F or above 85°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Ely Municipal Airport for warm-weather activities is from early July to late August.
The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 18 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 77°F and low of 55°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 26 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 29°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of -2°F and high of 17°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Ely Municipal Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Ely Municipal Airport begins around May 22 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around October 17. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 17 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around May 22. On February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Ely Municipal Airport varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.5 months, from April 27 to October 10, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on June 30.
The drier season lasts 6.6 months, from October 10 to April 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on February 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Ely Municipal Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.0 months, from March 15 to November 15. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 42% on June 30.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 months, from November 15 to March 15. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 10% on January 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ely Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from March 21 to November 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 27, with an average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from November 23 to March 21. The least rain falls around January 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ely Municipal Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 16 to May 9, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from May 9 to October 16. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Ely Municipal Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 24 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 1 minute of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:07 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 49 minutes later at 7:56 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:14 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 55 minutes later at 9:10 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Ely Municipal Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Ely Municipal Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 14 to September 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 25, with muggy conditions 11% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is November 24, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Ely Municipal Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 30 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 6.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 14 to September 30. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Ely Municipal Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 2.4 months, from February 28 to May 9, with a peak percentage of 32% on March 27. The wind is most often from the south for 3.9 weeks, from May 13 to June 9 and for 2.6 weeks, from August 20 to September 7, with a peak percentage of 35% on September 3. The wind is most often from the west for 2.4 months, from June 9 to August 20 and for 5.8 months, from September 7 to February 28, with a peak percentage of 39% on July 19.
Ely Municipal Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 1.8 months, from July 24 to September 18, with an average temperature above 56°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 17, with an average temperature of 61°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.7 months, from December 8 to May 31, with an average temperature below 39°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 34°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Ely Municipal Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ely Municipal Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ely Municipal Airport for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Ely Municipal Airport typically lasts for 3.8 months (115 days), from around May 27 to around September 19, rarely starting before May 10 or after June 13, and rarely ending before September 3 or after October 5.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Ely Municipal Airport should appear around May 9, only rarely appearing before April 27 or after May 26.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 2 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 10, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 26 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 18, with an average of 1.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ely Municipal Airport are 47.824 deg latitude, -91.831 deg longitude, and 1,440 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ely Municipal Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 121 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,434 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (643 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,509 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ely Municipal Airport is covered by trees (76%), herbaceous vegetation (13%), and water (11%), within 10 miles by trees (76%) and water (14%), and within 50 miles by trees (80%) and water (12%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Ely Municipal Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Ely Municipal Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Silver Bay Municipal Airport, Eveleth-Virginia Municipal Airport, Two Harbors, Scotts Seaplane Base, Cook Municipal Airport, Atikokan Automated Reporting Station, Duluth International Airport, and Orr Regional Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.