1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. United States
  3. Alabama
  4. Madison

Average Weather in Madison Alabama, United States

In Madison, the summers are long, hot, and muggy; the winters are short, very cold, and wet; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 89°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 96°F.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec67%67%44%44%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.1 inprecipitation: 5.1 in2.8 in2.8 inmuggy: 87%muggy: 87%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.3tourism score: 6.30.90.9
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Madison for warm-weather activities are from early May to late June and from mid August to mid October.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 23 to September 22, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 22, with an average high of 89°F and low of 71°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 29 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 58°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 33°F and high of 50°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in MadisonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Bir el Ater, Algeria (5,151 miles away); Kafr Takhārīm, Syria (6,339 miles); and Yangzhong, China (7,872 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Madison (view comparison).

Clouds

In Madison, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Madison begins around June 1 and lasts for 5.6 months, ending around November 20. On September 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 20 and lasts for 6.4 months, ending around June 1. On January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 56% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 44% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in MadisonclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2167%Sep 2167%Jan 544%Jan 544%Jun 156%Jun 156%Nov 2056%Nov 2056%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Madison varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.2 months, from December 9 to August 16, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on June 29.

The drier season lasts 3.8 months, from August 16 to December 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on October 13.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on June 29.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in MadisonwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2941%Jun 2941%Oct 1321%Oct 1321%Jan 132%Jan 132%Aug 1631%Aug 1631%rainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Madison experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Madison. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 4, with an average total accumulation of 5.1 inches.

The least rain falls around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Madison does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in MadisonsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 inFeb 10.2 inFeb 10.2 inJul 180.0 inJul 180.0 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Madison varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 50 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:33 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 37 minutes later at 7:10 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:35 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 28 minutes later at 8:04 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Madison during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in MadisonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:33 AMJun 125:33 AM8:04 PMJun 288:04 PMJun 28Dec 54:35 PMDec 54:35 PM7:10 AMNov 47:10 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Madison experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from May 18 to September 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 22% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 87% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 5, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in MadisonmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 50%Feb 50%87%Jul 2387%Jul 23May 1822%May 1822%Sep 2822%Sep 2822%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggydrydrycomfortablecomfortablemiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Madison experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 25 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 5.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 14 to October 25. The calmest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in MadisonwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mph11 mphFeb 257.3 mphFeb 257.3 mphJul 284.1 mphJul 284.1 mphOct 255.7 mphOct 255.7 mphMay 145.7 mphMay 145.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Madison varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 months, from January 14 to February 26 and for 2.4 months, from August 2 to October 15, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 29. The wind is most often from the south for 4.2 months, from February 26 to July 1; for 2.0 days, from July 31 to August 2; and for 3.0 months, from October 15 to January 14, with a peak percentage of 45% on May 15. The wind is most often from the west for 4.3 weeks, from July 1 to July 31, with a peak percentage of 34% on July 14.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in MadisonSNSWNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Madison throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Madison for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to late June and from mid August to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Madisonbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.30.90.96.06.05.45.4 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Madison for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Madisonbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.36.30.10.1 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Madison typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around March 25 to around November 5, rarely starting before March 4 or after April 13, and rarely ending before October 18 or after November 25.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Madisongrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2550%Mar 2550%Nov 550%Nov 590%Apr 1390%Apr 1390%Oct 1890%Oct 1810%Mar 410%Mar 410%Nov 2510%Nov 250%Jan 210%Jan 21Jul 16100%Jul 16100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Madison should appear around February 17, only rarely appearing before January 29 or after March 8.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from April 11 to September 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 6.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 12 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 2.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in MadisonbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 206.6 kWhJun 206.6 kWhDec 252.4 kWhDec 252.4 kWhApr 115.8 kWhApr 115.8 kWhSep 45.8 kWhSep 45.8 kWhFeb 63.2 kWhFeb 63.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Madison are 34.699 deg latitude, -86.748 deg longitude, and 669 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Madison contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 685 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (696 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,568 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Madison is covered by artificial surfaces (68%) and cropland (30%), within 10 miles by cropland (58%) and artificial surfaces (23%), and within 50 miles by cropland (52%) and trees (41%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Madison, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madison.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madison according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Madison is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madison and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Huntsville International Airport-Carl T Jones Field (87%, 7 kilometers, southwest) and Huntsville Airport North (13%, 25 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.