Average Weather at St. Paul Downtown Airport Minnesota, United States
At St. Paul Downtown Airport, the summers are long, warm, and wet; the winters are freezing, snowy, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 9°F to 83°F and is rarely below -10°F or above 91°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 21 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 83°F and low of 65°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 26 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 36°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 9°F and high of 24°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At St. Paul Downtown Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at St. Paul Downtown Airport begins around June 10 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around October 19. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 19 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around June 10. On February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 61% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at St. Paul Downtown Airport varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from April 7 to October 4, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 41% on June 20.
The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from October 4 to April 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on February 17.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at St. Paul Downtown Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.8 months, from March 4 to November 28. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 41% on June 20.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.2 months, from November 28 to March 4. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 8% on December 29.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. St. Paul Downtown Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.1 months, from March 3 to December 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 18, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from December 5 to March 3. The least rain falls around January 25, with and average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. St. Paul Downtown Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 26 to April 18, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 10, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 18 to October 26. The least snow falls around July 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at St. Paul Downtown Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:25 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 30 minutes later at 7:55 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:30 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 32 minutes later at 9:02 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at St. Paul Downtown Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
St. Paul Downtown Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 8 to September 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 8% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 21, with muggy conditions 33% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at St. Paul Downtown Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from September 28 to May 25, with average wind speeds of more than 5.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 25 to September 28. The calmest day of the year is August 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at St. Paul Downtown Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 3.1 months, from February 4 to May 6, with a peak percentage of 33% on April 3. The wind is most often from the south for 6.5 months, from May 6 to November 22, with a peak percentage of 41% on September 4. The wind is most often from the west for 2.4 months, from November 22 to February 4, with a peak percentage of 35% on December 30.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 10, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 29 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of St. Paul Downtown Airport are 44.934 deg latitude, -93.060 deg longitude, and 856 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of St. Paul Downtown Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 335 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 780 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (443 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (722 feet).
The area within 2 miles of St. Paul Downtown Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (76%) and water (18%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (70%) and cropland (11%), and within 50 miles by cropland (64%) and trees (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at St. Paul Downtown Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
St. Paul Downtown Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to South St Paul Municipal Airport-Richard E Fleming Field, Minneapolis-St Paul International/Wold-Chamberlain Airport, Anoka County Airport, Crystal Airport, Airlake Airport, Flying Cloud Airport, Stanton Airfield, and L O Simenstad Municipal Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.