Average Weather at Russell Municipal Airport Kansas, United States
At Russell Municipal Airport, the summers are hot, humid, and mostly clear and the winters are very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 20°F to 93°F and is rarely below 5°F or above 103°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Russell Municipal Airport for warm-weather activities is from late May to late September.
The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 4 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 93°F and low of 69°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 25 to February 26, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 20°F and high of 41°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Russell Municipal Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Russell Municipal Airport begins around June 3 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around November 3. On July 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 3 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around June 3. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Russell Municipal Airport varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from April 10 to September 15, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 40% on June 7.
The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from September 15 to April 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on January 8.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Russell Municipal Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.8 months, from February 11 to December 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 40% on June 7.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.2 months, from December 5 to February 11. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on January 28.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Russell Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from February 18 to December 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 27, with an average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from December 2 to February 18. The least rain falls around January 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Russell Municipal Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 15 to April 11, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from April 11 to November 15. The least snow falls around July 10, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Russell Municipal Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:09 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 55 minutes later at 8:04 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:13 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 52 minutes later at 9:04 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Russell Municipal Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Russell Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 1 to September 14, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 11% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 45% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Russell Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from February 22 to May 27, with average wind speeds of more than 11.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.8 months, from May 27 to February 22. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Russell Municipal Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 7.7 months, from March 21 to November 11, with a peak percentage of 61% on July 5. The wind is most often from the north for 4.3 months, from November 11 to March 21, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Russell Municipal Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Russell Municipal Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Russell Municipal Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Russell Municipal Airport typically lasts for 6.0 months (184 days), from around April 17 to around October 18, rarely starting before March 31 or after May 5, and rarely ending before September 27 or after November 5.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Russell Municipal Airport should appear around March 18, only rarely appearing before March 4 or after April 10.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 25 to August 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 7.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 4 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Russell Municipal Airport are 38.874 deg latitude, -98.811 deg longitude, and 1,831 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Russell Municipal Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 118 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,836 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (413 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,132 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Russell Municipal Airport is covered by grassland (54%) and cropland (46%), within 10 miles by grassland (64%) and cropland (35%), and within 50 miles by cropland (52%) and grassland (47%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Russell Municipal Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Russell Municipal Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Hays Municipal Airport, Great Bend Municipal Airport, Hill City Municipal Airport, Salina Municipal Airport, Pratt Municipal Airport, Hutchinson Municipal Airport, Blosser Municipal Airport, and Dodge City Regional Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.