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Average Weather at Minot International Airport North Dakota, United States

At Minot International Airport, the summers are warm; the winters are freezing, dry, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 5°F to 83°F and is rarely below -16°F or above 92°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec75%75%36%36%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.8 inprecipitation: 2.8 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 12%muggy: 12%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.0tourism score: 7.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Minot International Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 25 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 28, with an average high of 83°F and low of 60°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 24 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 33°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 5°F and high of 20°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Minot International AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-20°F-10°F0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJan 1220°FJan 1220°FJul 2883°FJul 2883°F5°F5°F60°F60°FMay 2570°FMay 2570°FSep 1770°FSep 1770°FNov 2433°FNov 2433°FMar 633°FMar 633°F47°F47°F48°F48°F18°F18°F16°F16°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Minot International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmfrigidvery coldvery coldfrigidcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Samara, Russia (5,235 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Minot International Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Minot International Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Minot International Airport begins around June 7 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 12. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 7. On February 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Minot International AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3175%Jul 3175%Feb 2036%Feb 2036%Jun 755%Jun 755%Oct 1256%Oct 1256%clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudymostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Minot International Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 1 to September 7, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on June 28.

The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 7 to May 1. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on February 2.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Minot International Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.8 months, from March 17 to November 9. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on June 28.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.2 months, from November 9 to March 17. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Minot International AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2834%Jun 2834%Feb 23%Feb 23%Mar 178%Mar 178%Nov 99%Nov 99%Jan 17%Jan 17%May 119%May 119%Sep 719%Sep 719%rainsnowmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Minot International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 2 to November 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 14, with an average total accumulation of 2.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 1 to April 2. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Minot International AirportrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in1 in2 in3 in4 in5 in6 inJun 142.8 inJun 142.8 inJan 10.0 inJan 10.0 inApr 20.5 inApr 20.5 inNov 10.5 inNov 10.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Minot International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 16 to May 7, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 7 to October 16. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Minot International AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inJan 20.3 inJan 20.3 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inNov 200.3 inNov 200.3 inMar 220.3 inMar 220.3 inOct 160.1 inOct 160.1 inMay 70.1 inMay 70.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Minot International Airport varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 16 hours, 5 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Minot International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2016 hr, 5 minJun 2016 hr, 5 minJun 2012 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 20 minDec 218 hr, 20 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:43 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 52 minutes later at 8:36 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:50 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 59 minutes later at 9:50 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Minot International Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Minot International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:43 AMJun 165:43 AM9:50 PMJun 259:50 PMJun 25Dec 114:50 PMDec 114:50 PM8:36 AMJan 18:36 AMJan 1Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Minot International Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from June 16 to August 30, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 20, with muggy conditions 12% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 28, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Minot International AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 280%Feb 280%Jul 2012%Jul 2012%Jun 163%Jun 163%Aug 303%Aug 303%drydrycomfortablecomfortablemuggymuggy
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Minot International Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 13 to June 8, with average wind speeds of more than 10.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 8 to September 13. The calmest day of the year is July 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Minot International AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphMar 2612.3 mphMar 2612.3 mphJul 229.3 mphJul 229.3 mphSep 1310.8 mphSep 1310.8 mphJun 810.8 mphJun 810.8 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Minot International Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 2.4 months, from March 4 to May 17, with a peak percentage of 30% on March 9. The wind is most often from the south for 3.1 weeks, from May 17 to June 8 and for 1.8 months, from July 10 to September 4, with a peak percentage of 31% on August 19. The wind is most often from the west for 1.1 months, from June 8 to July 10 and for 6.0 months, from September 4 to March 4, with a peak percentage of 29% on June 22.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Minot International AirportWNSWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Minot International Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Minot International Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Minot International Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.07.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Minot International Airport for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Minot International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.24.20.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Minot International Airport typically lasts for 4.8 months (146 days), from around May 8 to around October 1, rarely starting before April 19 or after May 26, and rarely ending before September 12 or after October 19.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Minot International Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 850%May 850%Oct 150%Oct 150%May 2690%May 2690%Sep 1290%Sep 1290%Apr 1910%Apr 1910%Oct 1910%Oct 1910%0%Feb 140%Feb 14Jul 21100%Jul 21100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Minot International Airport should appear around April 29, only rarely appearing before April 18 or after May 16.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Minot International AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°FApr 2990°FApr 2990°FJul 8900°FJul 8900°FAug 241,800°FAug 241,800°FDec 312,317°FDec 312,317°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 1 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 11, with an average of 7.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Minot International AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 117.2 kWhJul 117.2 kWhDec 241.2 kWhDec 241.2 kWhMay 16.0 kWhMay 16.0 kWhAug 196.0 kWhAug 196.0 kWhOct 282.4 kWhOct 282.4 kWhFeb 132.4 kWhFeb 132.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Minot International Airport are 48.259 deg latitude, -101.281 deg longitude, and 1,650 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Minot International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 243 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,654 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (413 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (997 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Minot International Airport is covered by cropland (46%), grassland (33%), and artificial surfaces (21%), within 10 miles by cropland (81%) and grassland (15%), and within 50 miles by cropland (68%) and grassland (29%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Minot International Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Minot International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Minot Air Force Base; Garrison; Mercer County Regional Airport; Melita, Man; Roseglen; Rugby Municipal Airport; Estevan Regional Aerodrome; and Cando Municipal Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.