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Average Weather at Buckley Air Force Base Colorado, United States

At Buckley Air Force Base, the summers are warm and mostly clear and the winters are very cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 88°F and is rarely below 6°F or above 96°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec75%75%54%54%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.8 inprecipitation: 1.8 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.0tourism score: 7.00.30.3
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Buckley Air Force Base for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 8 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is July 14, with an average high of 88°F and low of 61°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 20 to March 2, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is December 30, with an average low of 22°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldfreezinghotcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ankara, Turkey (6,328 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Buckley Air Force Base (view comparison).

Clouds

At Buckley Air Force Base, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Buckley Air Force Base begins around June 3 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around November 2. On September 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 2 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around June 3. On May 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Buckley Air Force BaseclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1375%Sep 1375%May 554%May 554%Jun 364%Jun 364%Nov 265%Nov 265%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Buckley Air Force Base varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from April 2 to September 7, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 30% on July 22.

The drier season lasts 6.8 months, from September 7 to April 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Buckley Air Force Base changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.4 months, from February 27 to November 11. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 30% on July 22.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.2 months, from November 23 to February 27. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 4% on February 2.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.7 weeks, from November 11 to November 23. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on April 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Buckley Air Force BasesnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 2230%Jul 2230%Dec 195%Dec 195%Feb 278%Feb 278%Nov 119%Nov 119%Apr 217%Apr 217%Sep 717%Sep 717%rainmixedsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Buckley Air Force Base experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from March 21 to October 25, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 17, with an average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 25 to March 21. The least rain falls around December 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Buckley Air Force BaserainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inMay 171.8 inMay 171.8 inDec 290.0 inDec 290.0 inJul 291.6 inJul 291.6 inMar 210.5 inMar 210.5 inOct 250.5 inOct 250.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Buckley Air Force Base experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from October 12 to May 4, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from May 4 to October 12. The least snow falls around July 21, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Buckley Air Force Base varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 21 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 59 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 59 minJun 2014 hr, 59 minJun 2012 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 21 minDec 219 hr, 21 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 1 minute later at 7:31 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:34 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 57 minutes later at 8:31 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Buckley Air Force Base during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 135:30 AMJun 135:30 AM8:31 PMJun 278:31 PMJun 27Dec 74:34 PMDec 74:34 PM7:31 AMNov 47:31 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Buckley Air Force Base, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 270%Jan 270%Jul 300%Jul 300%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Buckley Air Force Base experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from November 25 to May 9, with average wind speeds of more than 8.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from May 9 to November 25. The calmest day of the year is August 19, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Buckley Air Force BasewindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphApr 19.6 mphApr 19.6 mphAug 197.0 mphAug 197.0 mphNov 258.3 mphNov 258.3 mphMay 98.3 mphMay 98.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Buckley Air Force Base is from the west throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Buckley Air Force Base throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Buckley Air Force Base for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Buckley Air Force Basebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.07.00.30.3 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Buckley Air Force Base for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Buckley Air Force Basebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.74.70.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Buckley Air Force Base typically lasts for 5.3 months (163 days), from around May 2 to around October 12, rarely starting before April 13 or after May 18, and rarely ending before September 20 or after November 2.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Buckley Air Force Basegrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 250%May 250%Oct 1250%Oct 1250%May 1890%May 1890%Sep 2090%Sep 2090%Apr 1310%Apr 1310%Nov 210%Nov 210%0%Feb 100%Feb 10Jul 18100%Jul 18100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfrigid
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Buckley Air Force Base should appear around March 29, only rarely appearing before March 12 or after April 20.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Buckley Air Force BaseJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°FMar 2989°FMar 2989°FJun 25900°FJun 25900°FAug 51,800°FAug 51,800°FDec 313,022°FDec 313,022°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from May 8 to August 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 3 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 2.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Buckley Air Force BasebrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 218.0 kWhJun 218.0 kWhDec 212.4 kWhDec 212.4 kWhMay 86.9 kWhMay 86.9 kWhAug 56.9 kWhAug 56.9 kWhNov 33.5 kWhNov 33.5 kWhFeb 103.5 kWhFeb 103.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Buckley Air Force Base are 39.706 deg latitude, -104.755 deg longitude, and 5,551 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Buckley Air Force Base contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 253 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5,561 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,007 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (9,770 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Buckley Air Force Base is covered by shrubs (42%), grassland (40%), and artificial surfaces (10%), within 10 miles by shrubs (35%) and grassland (26%), and within 50 miles by grassland (43%) and trees (20%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Buckley Air Force Base, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Buckley Air Force Base has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Denver / Stapleton International, Co.; Denver International Airport; Arapahoe County Airport; Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport; Erie Municipal; Elbert Mountain, Monument Pass; Boulder Municipal Airport; and Vance Brand Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.