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Average Weather at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park Texas, United States

At Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, the summers are hot; the winters are short, cold, dry, and windy; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 90°F and is rarely below 22°F or above 98°F.

The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 17 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 82°F. The hottest day of the year is June 20, with an average high of 90°F and low of 68°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 22 to February 18, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 34°F and high of 52°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Parkhotcoolcool20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 3152°FDec 3152°FJun 2090°FJun 2090°F34°F34°F68°F68°FMay 1782°FMay 1782°FSep 982°FSep 982°FFeb 1860°FFeb 1860°F60°F60°F64°F64°F41°F41°F39°F39°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

At Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park begins around April 18 and lasts for 2.7 months, ending around July 10. On June 11, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around July 10 and lasts for 9.3 months, ending around April 18. On February 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Parkclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecFeb 2338%Feb 2338%Jun 1120%Jun 1120%Apr 1829%Apr 1829%Jul 1029%Jul 1029%overcastmostly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.8 months, from June 8 to October 3, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 28% on August 15.

The drier season lasts 8.2 months, from October 3 to June 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on March 17.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 28% on August 15.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Parkwetdrydry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecAug 1528%Aug 1528%Mar 174%Mar 174%Jan 17%Jan 17%Jun 816%Jun 816%Oct 316%Oct 316%mixedrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from May 5 to November 12, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 10, with an average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from November 12 to May 5. The least rain falls around January 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 4 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park0 hr4 hr8 hr12 hr16 hr20 hr24 hrJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 14 minJun 2114 hr, 14 minJun 2112 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 2210 hr, 4 minDec 2110 hr, 4 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:53 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 25 minutes later at 8:18 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:54 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 14 minutes later at 9:08 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 116:53 AMJun 116:53 AM9:08 PMJun 299:08 PMJun 29Dec 35:54 PMDec 35:54 PM8:18 AMNov 48:18 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNov 210%Nov 210%Jul 141%Jul 141%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.4 months, from November 21 to June 4, with average wind speeds of more than 5.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.6 months, from June 4 to November 21. The calmest day of the year is August 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.8 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Parkwindywindy0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecApr 116.4 mphApr 116.4 mphAug 153.8 mphAug 153.8 mphNov 215.1 mphNov 215.1 mphJun 45.1 mphJun 45.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 3.0 weeks, from June 13 to July 4 and for 1.1 weeks, from September 24 to October 2, with a peak percentage of 40% on July 3. The wind is most often from the east for 2.7 months, from July 4 to September 24, with a peak percentage of 44% on July 17. The wind is most often from the west for 8.4 months, from October 2 to June 13, with a peak percentage of 56% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National ParkWSEW0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from April 10 to July 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 7, with an average of 8.2 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 6 to February 5, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Parkbrightdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 78.2 kWhJun 78.2 kWhDec 233.4 kWhDec 233.4 kWhApr 107.2 kWhApr 107.2 kWhJul 237.2 kWhJul 237.2 kWhNov 64.4 kWhNov 64.4 kWhFeb 54.4 kWhFeb 54.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park are 31.831 deg latitude, -104.809 deg longitude, and 4,938 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,243 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,890 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,056 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,850 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park is covered by shrubs (88%) and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by shrubs (77%) and grassland (20%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (90%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Pine Springs, Guadalupe Mountains National Park has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Cavern City Air Terminal, Artesia Municipal Airport, Pecos Municipal Airport, Alamogordo-White Sands Regional Airport, El Paso International Airport, Winkler County Airport, Marfa Municipal Airport, and Hobbs Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.