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Average Weather at San Luis Valley Regional Airport Colorado, United States

At San Luis Valley Regional Airport, the summers are warm and dry, the winters are freezing and snowy, and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 3°F to 82°F and is rarely below -10°F or above 88°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec80%80%61%61%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.3 inprecipitation: 1.3 in0.5 in0.5 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 5.4tourism score: 5.40.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit San Luis Valley Regional Airport for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 27 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is July 8, with an average high of 82°F and low of 48°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 24 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 44°F. The coldest day of the year is January 8, with an average low of 3°F and high of 35°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at San Luis Valley Regional AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-10°F0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJan 835°FJan 835°FJul 882°FJul 882°F3°F3°F48°F48°FMay 2772°FMay 2772°FSep 1872°FSep 1872°FNov 2444°FNov 2444°FFeb 2344°FFeb 2344°F39°F39°F39°F39°F14°F14°F14°F14°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcoolwarmfrigidvery coldcomfortablefrigid
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Pasinler, Turkey (6,713 miles away); Fareydūnshahr, Iran (7,342 miles); and Xining, China (7,031 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Luis Valley Regional Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At San Luis Valley Regional Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at San Luis Valley Regional Airport begins around September 3 and lasts for 2.1 months, ending around November 7. On September 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 7 and lasts for 9.9 months, ending around September 3. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at San Luis Valley Regional AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2980%Sep 2980%Feb 1561%Feb 1561%Nov 771%Nov 771%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at San Luis Valley Regional Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.0 months, from July 9 to September 10, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 31% on August 10.

The drier season lasts 10 months, from September 10 to July 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 9% on January 26.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at San Luis Valley Regional Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.1 months, from March 16 to November 18. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 31% on August 10.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.8 months, from November 22 to February 15. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on January 5.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 months, from February 15 to March 16 and from November 18 to November 22. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 7% on March 14.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at San Luis Valley Regional AirportsnowmixedrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 1031%Aug 1031%Jan 269%Jan 269%Mar 1616%Mar 1616%Nov 1813%Nov 1813%Jan 111%Jan 111%Jul 920%Jul 920%rainmixedsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. San Luis Valley Regional Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from March 29 to November 8, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 5, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from November 8 to March 29. The least rain falls around January 16, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. San Luis Valley Regional Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 15 to May 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 17, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from May 5 to October 15. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at San Luis Valley Regional AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inDec 170.4 inDec 170.4 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inOct 150.1 inOct 150.1 inMay 50.1 inMay 50.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at San Luis Valley Regional Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 45 minJun 2014 hr, 45 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 35 minDec 219 hr, 35 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:41 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 50 minutes later at 7:31 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:45 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 43 minutes later at 8:28 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at San Luis Valley Regional Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 135:41 AMJun 135:41 AM8:28 PMJun 288:28 PMJun 28Dec 64:45 PMDec 64:45 PM7:31 AMNov 47:31 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at San Luis Valley Regional Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at San Luis Valley Regional Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from October 25 to June 19, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.2 months, from June 19 to October 25. The calmest day of the year is August 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at San Luis Valley Regional AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphApr 119.5 mphApr 119.5 mphAug 25.2 mphAug 25.2 mphOct 257.3 mphOct 257.3 mphJun 197.3 mphJun 197.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at San Luis Valley Regional Airport is from the west throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at San Luis Valley Regional Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Luis Valley Regional Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at San Luis Valley Regional Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.45.40.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit San Luis Valley Regional Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to late July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at San Luis Valley Regional Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.13.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at San Luis Valley Regional Airport typically lasts for 3.6 months (110 days), from around June 2 to around September 19, rarely starting before May 11 or after June 21, and rarely ending before September 3 or after October 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at San Luis Valley Regional Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 250%Jun 250%Sep 1950%Sep 1950%Jun 2190%Jun 2190%Sep 390%Sep 390%May 1110%May 1110%Oct 610%Oct 610%0%Nov 300%Nov 30Jul 24100%Jul 24100%frigidfreezingcoldcoolcomfortablevery cold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at San Luis Valley Regional Airport should appear around April 25, only rarely appearing before April 12 or after May 7.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at San Luis Valley Regional AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°FApr 2590°FApr 2590°FJul 16900°FJul 16900°FOct 51,800°FOct 51,800°FDec 311,895°FDec 311,895°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from May 2 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 12, with an average of 8.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 3 to February 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 2.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at San Luis Valley Regional AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 128.4 kWhJun 128.4 kWhDec 222.9 kWhDec 222.9 kWhMay 27.3 kWhMay 27.3 kWhJul 217.3 kWhJul 217.3 kWhNov 34.0 kWhNov 34.0 kWhFeb 94.0 kWhFeb 94.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Luis Valley Regional Airport are 37.435 deg latitude, -105.867 deg longitude, and 7,536 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of San Luis Valley Regional Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 20 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,535 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (131 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (7,772 feet).

The area within 2 miles of San Luis Valley Regional Airport is covered by shrubs (70%) and cropland (18%), within 10 miles by shrubs (50%) and cropland (33%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (48%) and trees (32%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at San Luis Valley Regional Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

San Luis Valley Regional Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to La Veta Mountain, La Veta Pass; Saguache Municipal Airport; Pagosa Springs, Wolf Creek Pass; Taos Regional Airport; Harriet Alexander Field Airport; Salida Mountain, Monarch Pass; Angel Fire Airport; and Stevens Field.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.