Average Weather at Santa Fe Municipal Airport New Mexico, United States
At Santa Fe Municipal Airport, the summers are warm; the winters are short, very cold, and dry; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 21°F to 88°F and is rarely below 10°F or above 94°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Santa Fe Municipal Airport for warm-weather activities is from early June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 26 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 88°F and low of 58°F.
The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 22 to February 19, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 21°F and high of 42°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Gorobinci, Macedonia (6,160 miles away); Gülşehir, Turkey (6,727 miles); and Borūjen, Iran (7,551 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Santa Fe Municipal Airport (view comparison).
At Santa Fe Municipal Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Santa Fe Municipal Airport begins around May 17 and lasts for 1.7 months, ending around July 8. On June 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 8 and lasts for 10 months, ending around May 17. On February 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Santa Fe Municipal Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.2 months, from July 3 to September 8, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 37% on August 2.
The drier season lasts 9.8 months, from September 8 to July 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on February 6.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Santa Fe Municipal Airport changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10 months, from January 28 to December 13. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 37% on August 2.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.0 months, from December 28 to January 28. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 4% on January 6.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.1 weeks, from December 13 to December 28. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 4% on December 23.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santa Fe Municipal Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from April 6 to November 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 1, with an average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from November 18 to April 6. The least rain falls around January 16, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Santa Fe Municipal Airport does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Santa Fe Municipal Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 45 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 34 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:48 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 43 minutes later at 7:31 AM on November 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:50 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 33 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Santa Fe Municipal Airport during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Santa Fe Municipal Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Santa Fe Municipal Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from December 22 to June 21, with average wind speeds of more than 7.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.0 months, from June 21 to December 22. The calmest day of the year is August 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Santa Fe Municipal Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.9 weeks, from July 11 to August 7, with a peak percentage of 35% on July 21. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from August 7 to July 11, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Santa Fe Municipal Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Fe Municipal Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from early June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Fe Municipal Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late July, with a peak score in the first week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Santa Fe Municipal Airport typically lasts for 5.6 months (171 days), from around May 1 to around October 20, rarely starting before April 12 or after May 20, and rarely ending before October 2 or after November 6.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Santa Fe Municipal Airport should appear around March 30, only rarely appearing before March 17 or after April 13.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from April 22 to July 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 10, with an average of 8.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 4 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santa Fe Municipal Airport are 35.617 deg latitude, -106.089 deg longitude, and 6,302 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santa Fe Municipal Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,268 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,041 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (8,104 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santa Fe Municipal Airport is covered by shrubs (73%) and grassland (26%), within 10 miles by shrubs (76%) and grassland (21%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (50%) and trees (37%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Santa Fe Municipal Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Santa Fe Municipal Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Los Alamos County Airport, Clines Corners, Albuquerque International Airport, Double Eagle II Airport, Taos Regional Airport, Las Vegas Municipal Airport, Angel Fire Airport, and Socorro Municipal Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.