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Average Weather at Grand Canyon National Park Airport Arizona, United States

At Grand Canyon National Park Airport, the summers are warm and mostly clear, the winters are freezing and partly cloudy, and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 16°F to 85°F and is rarely below 2°F or above 91°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec84%84%59%59%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.4 inprecipitation: 1.4 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 5.9tourism score: 5.90.20.2
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Grand Canyon National Park Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 2 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 85°F and low of 47°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 19 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest day of the year is January 4, with an average low of 16°F and high of 43°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmvery coldcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Hacıbektaş, Turkey (6,851 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Grand Canyon National Park Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Grand Canyon National Park Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Grand Canyon National Park Airport begins around August 18 and lasts for 2.5 months, ending around November 1. On September 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 84% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 16% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 1 and lasts for 9.5 months, ending around August 18. On February 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 41% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 59% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Grand Canyon National Park AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1984%Sep 1984%Feb 1959%Feb 1959%Aug 1871%Aug 1871%Nov 172%Nov 172%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Grand Canyon National Park Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.3 months, from July 6 to September 16, with a greater than 16% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 28% on August 4.

The drier season lasts 9.7 months, from September 16 to July 6. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on June 15.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Grand Canyon National Park Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 9.7 months, from February 4 to November 26. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 28% on August 4.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.0 months, from November 26 to December 14 and from December 22 to February 4. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on January 17.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.1 weeks, from December 14 to December 22. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on January 19.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Grand Canyon National Park AirportmixedrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Aug 428%Aug 428%Jun 154%Jun 154%Feb 412%Feb 412%Nov 2610%Nov 2610%Jul 616%Jul 616%Sep 1616%Sep 1616%rainmixedsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Grand Canyon National Park Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.4 months, from June 29 to March 9, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from March 9 to June 29. The least rain falls around June 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Grand Canyon National Park AirportrainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 inAug 101.4 inAug 101.4 inJun 70.2 inJun 70.2 inFeb 190.6 inFeb 190.6 inDec 150.4 inDec 150.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Grand Canyon National Park Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from November 8 to April 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 12, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from April 21 to November 8. The least snow falls around August 1, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Grand Canyon National Park AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inJan 120.5 inJan 120.5 inAug 10.0 inAug 10.0 inNov 80.1 inNov 80.1 inApr 210.1 inApr 210.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Grand Canyon National Park Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 43 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2014 hr, 36 minJun 2014 hr, 36 minJun 2012 hr, 8 minSep 2212 hr, 8 minSep 229 hr, 43 minDec 219 hr, 43 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:11 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 28 minutes later at 7:39 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on December 5, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 35 minutes later at 7:49 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed at Grand Canyon National Park Airport during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:11 AMJun 125:11 AM7:49 PMJun 287:49 PMJun 28Dec 55:14 PMDec 55:14 PM7:39 AMJan 67:39 AMJan 6daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Grand Canyon National Park Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Grand Canyon National Park Airport experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from February 10 to July 4, with average wind speeds of more than 7.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.2 months, from July 4 to February 10. The calmest day of the year is August 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Grand Canyon National Park AirportwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphApr 109.7 mphApr 109.7 mphAug 136.1 mphAug 136.1 mphFeb 107.9 mphFeb 107.9 mphJul 47.9 mphJul 47.9 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Grand Canyon National Park Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 7.2 months, from February 6 to September 12, with a peak percentage of 57% on July 14. The wind is most often from the south for 4.1 weeks, from September 12 to October 11, with a peak percentage of 37% on September 16. The wind is most often from the east for 3.8 months, from October 11 to February 6, with a peak percentage of 36% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Grand Canyon National Park AirportEWSEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Grand Canyon National Park Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Grand Canyon National Park Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Grand Canyon National Park Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.95.90.20.2 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Grand Canyon National Park Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468104.04.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Grand Canyon National Park Airport typically lasts for 3.4 months (105 days), from around June 13 to around September 26, rarely starting before May 25 or after July 1, and rarely ending before September 8 or after October 15.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Grand Canyon National Park Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jun 1350%Jun 1350%Sep 2650%Sep 2650%Jul 190%Jul 190%Sep 890%Sep 890%May 2510%May 2510%Oct 1510%Oct 1510%0%Mar 40%Mar 4Aug 6100%Aug 6100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Grand Canyon National Park Airport should appear around April 9, only rarely appearing before March 22 or after April 27.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Grand Canyon National Park AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°FApr 990°FApr 990°FJul 3900°FJul 3900°FAug 251,800°FAug 251,800°FDec 312,410°FDec 312,410°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from April 27 to July 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 13, with an average of 8.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 3 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Grand Canyon National Park AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 138.7 kWhJun 138.7 kWhDec 242.9 kWhDec 242.9 kWhApr 277.6 kWhApr 277.6 kWhNov 34.1 kWhNov 34.1 kWhFeb 114.1 kWhFeb 114.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Grand Canyon National Park Airport are 35.952 deg latitude, -112.147 deg longitude, and 6,611 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Grand Canyon National Park Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 305 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 6,617 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,892 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (10,850 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Grand Canyon National Park Airport is covered by trees (78%) and shrubs (22%), within 10 miles by trees (63%) and shrubs (35%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (73%) and trees (22%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Grand Canyon National Park Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Grand Canyon National Park Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are H.A. Clark Memorial Field, Flagstaff Pulliam Airport, Sedona Airport, Page Municipal Airport, Ernest A. Love Field, Winslow Municipal Airport, and Kingman Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.