Average Weather at Tonopah Test Range Airport Nevada, United States
At Tonopah Test Range Airport, the summers are hot and mostly clear, the winters are very cold and partly cloudy, and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 22°F to 91°F and is rarely below 11°F or above 97°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Tonopah Test Range Airport for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 6 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 15, with an average high of 91°F and low of 63°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 20 to February 26, with an average daily high temperature below 53°F. The coldest day of the year is December 26, with an average low of 22°F and high of 43°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Skopje, Macedonia (6,336 miles away); Kızılırmak, Turkey (6,737 miles); and Alīgūdarz, Iran (7,450 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Tonopah Test Range Airport (view comparison).
At Tonopah Test Range Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Tonopah Test Range Airport begins around May 22 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around October 28. On September 12, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 87% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 13% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 28 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around May 22. On February 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Tonopah Test Range Airport does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 3% to 10%, with an average value of 6%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 9% on February 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Tonopah Test Range Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Tonopah Test Range Airport. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The least rain falls around June 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Tonopah Test Range Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 33 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:24 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 50 minutes later at 7:14 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:27 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 45 minutes later at 8:13 PM on June 27.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Tonopah Test Range Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Tonopah Test Range Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Tonopah Test Range Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from February 15 to June 29, with average wind speeds of more than 8.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.5 months, from June 29 to February 15. The calmest day of the year is October 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Tonopah Test Range Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.4 weeks, from February 18 to March 14 and for 4.7 months, from May 19 to October 10, with a peak percentage of 65% on August 14. The wind is most often from the north for 2.2 months, from March 14 to May 19 and for 4.3 months, from October 10 to February 18, with a peak percentage of 37% on March 28.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Tonopah Test Range Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tonopah Test Range Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tonopah Test Range Airport for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Tonopah Test Range Airport typically lasts for 6.1 months (187 days), from around April 19 to around October 23, rarely starting before March 28 or after May 11, and rarely ending before October 4 or after November 10.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Tonopah Test Range Airport should appear around March 29, only rarely appearing before March 14 or after April 17.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 3 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 3 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tonopah Test Range Airport are 37.793 deg latitude, -116.779 deg longitude, and 5,535 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tonopah Test Range Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 364 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5,555 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,251 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,443 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tonopah Test Range Airport is covered by shrubs (97%), within 10 miles by shrubs (98%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (94%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Tonopah Test Range Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Tonopah Test Range Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.