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Average Weather at Derby Field Nevada, United States

At Derby Field, the summers are hot, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are short, very cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 20°F to 96°F and is rarely below 8°F or above 102°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Derby Field for warm-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhothotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec88%88%48%48%clearovercastprecipitation: 0.5 inprecipitation: 0.5 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.3tourism score: 7.30.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 12 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 96°F and low of 59°F.

The cold season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 21 to February 18, with an average daily high temperature below 52°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 20°F and high of 42°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmhotvery coldcomfortablefreezingfreezingcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sanandaj, Iran (7,156 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Derby Field (view comparison).

Clouds

At Derby Field, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Derby Field begins around June 1 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 22. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 12% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 22 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around June 1. On March 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Derby FieldclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2988%Jul 2988%Mar 248%Mar 248%Jun 167%Jun 167%Oct 2268%Oct 2268%clearovercastmostly clearpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Derby Field does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 2% to 10%, with an average value of 6%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 9% on May 3.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 1210%Jan 1210%Aug 232%Aug 232%Jan 18%Jan 18%Oct 276%Oct 276%Jun 156%Jun 156%rainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Derby Field experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year at Derby Field. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The least rain falls around August 22, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inMay 150.4 inMay 150.4 inAug 220.1 inAug 220.1 inNov 120.4 inNov 120.4 inFeb 190.4 inFeb 190.4 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall at Derby Field does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.1 in0.2 in0.3 in0.4 in0.5 inJan 70.1 inJan 70.1 inJul 100.0 inJul 100.0 inDec 210.1 inDec 210.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Derby Field varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 19 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 1 minute of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 1 minJun 2115 hr, 1 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 19 minDec 219 hr, 19 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:24 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 1 minute later at 7:25 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:28 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 59 minutes later at 8:27 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Derby Field during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:24 AMJun 145:24 AM8:27 PMJun 278:27 PMJun 27Dec 64:28 PMDec 64:28 PM7:25 AMNov 37:25 AMNov 3Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Derby Field, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 210%Jan 210%Aug 60%Aug 60%drydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Derby Field experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from February 17 to July 6, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.4 months, from July 6 to February 17. The calmest day of the year is January 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Derby FieldwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphApr 107.7 mphApr 107.7 mphJan 95.4 mphJan 95.4 mphJul 66.5 mphJul 66.5 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Derby Field varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 6.5 months, from February 27 to September 13, with a peak percentage of 52% on July 8. The wind is most often from the north for 1.6 months, from September 13 to November 2, with a peak percentage of 37% on October 3. The wind is most often from the south for 3.9 months, from November 2 to February 27, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Derby FieldSWNSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Derby Field throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Derby Field for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Derby Fieldbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.37.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Derby Field for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.35.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Derby Field typically lasts for 5.1 months (155 days), from around May 5 to around October 7, rarely starting before April 11 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 19 or after October 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Derby Fieldgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 550%May 550%Oct 750%Oct 750%May 2990%May 2990%Sep 1990%Sep 1990%Apr 1110%Apr 1110%Oct 2610%Oct 2610%0%Feb 80%Feb 8Jul 27100%Jul 27100%freezingvery coldcoolwarmhotcoldcomfortablefrigid
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Derby Field should appear around March 25, only rarely appearing before March 13 or after April 11.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Derby FieldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°F2,500°F3,000°F3,500°FMar 2589°FMar 2589°FJun 14900°FJun 14900°FJul 221,800°FJul 221,800°FDec 313,562°FDec 313,562°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 9 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 8.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 1 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 2.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Derby FieldbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJul 18.7 kWhJul 18.7 kWhDec 222.2 kWhDec 222.2 kWhMay 97.4 kWhMay 97.4 kWhAug 217.4 kWhAug 217.4 kWhFeb 133.5 kWhFeb 133.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Derby Field are 40.068 deg latitude, -118.563 deg longitude, and 3,904 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Derby Field is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 30 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,905 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (3,087 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,427 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Derby Field is covered by shrubs (57%), cropland (16%), bare soil (16%), and grassland (11%), within 10 miles by shrubs (74%) and cropland (14%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (85%) and bare soil (10%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Derby Field, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Derby Field has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Naval Air Station Fallon, Winnemucca Municipal Airport, Reno/Tahoe International Airport, and Carson Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.