Average Weather at Portland–Troutdale Airport Oregon, United States
At Portland–Troutdale Airport, the summers are short, warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are chilly, wet, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 84°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 96°F.
The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 22 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 84°F and low of 58°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 15 to February 23, with an average daily high temperature below 52°F. The coldest day of the year is December 30, with an average low of 36°F and high of 44°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Portland–Troutdale Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Portland–Troutdale Airport begins around June 11 and lasts for 3.9 months, ending around October 8. On August 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 81% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 19% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 8 and lasts for 8.1 months, ending around June 11. On November 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 77% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 23% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Portland–Troutdale Airport varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.9 months, from October 13 to May 9, with a greater than 33% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 59% on November 27.
The drier season lasts 5.1 months, from May 9 to October 13. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 3.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 58% on November 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Portland–Troutdale Airport experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from August 13 to July 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 25, with an average total accumulation of 9.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 weeks, from July 17 to August 13. The least rain falls around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Portland–Troutdale Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from November 26 to February 20, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 6, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from February 20 to November 26. The least snow falls around July 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day at Portland–Troutdale Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 42 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 15 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:20 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 34 minutes later at 7:53 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:25 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 37 minutes later at 9:02 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Portland–Troutdale Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Portland–Troutdale Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Portland–Troutdale Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from October 28 to March 18, with average wind speeds of more than 2.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.3 months, from March 18 to October 28. The calmest day of the year is August 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Portland–Troutdale Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 1.4 months, from February 20 to April 2 and for 2.3 months, from October 5 to December 13, with a peak percentage of 47% on November 18. The wind is most often from the west for 6.1 months, from April 2 to October 5, with a peak percentage of 67% on August 7. The wind is most often from the east for 2.2 months, from December 13 to February 20, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 31 to August 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 16, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from October 25 to February 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Portland–Troutdale Airport are 45.549 deg latitude, -122.398 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Portland–Troutdale Airport contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 620 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 88 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,939 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (11,155 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Portland–Troutdale Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (49%), herbaceous vegetation (30%), and water (12%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (36%) and cropland (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (51%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Portland–Troutdale Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Portland–Troutdale Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Portland International Airport, Pearson Airpark, Aurora State Airport, Scappoose Industrial Airpark, Portland-Hillsboro Airport, Southwest Washington Regional Airport, Mc Minnville Municipal Airport, and McNary Field.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.