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Average Weather at Arctic Village Airport Alaska, United States

At Arctic Village Airport, the summers are cool and mostly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -21°F to 66°F and is rarely below -43°F or above 74°F.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoolcoolcoldfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec49%49%34%34%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.2 inprecipitation: 2.2 in0.2 in0.2 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%drydrytourism score: 3.3tourism score: 3.30.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Arctic Village Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid July.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 25 to September 2, with an average daily high temperature above 51°F. The hottest day of the year is July 5, with an average high of 66°F and low of 50°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.3 months, from November 2 to March 10, with an average daily high temperature below 7°F. The coldest day of the year is January 21, with an average low of -21°F and high of -8°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidcoldcoolcoolvery coldfreezingvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Kogalym, Russia (3,215 miles away) and Tosontsengel, Mongolia (3,727 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Arctic Village Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Arctic Village Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Arctic Village Airport begins around December 29 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around March 28. On March 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 49% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 28 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around December 29. On September 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 66% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 34% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Arctic Village AirportclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Mar 349%Mar 349%Sep 2734%Sep 2734%Dec 2941%Dec 2941%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Arctic Village Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.2 months, from May 23 to September 30, with a greater than 19% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on July 6.

The drier season lasts 7.8 months, from September 30 to May 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on March 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Arctic Village Airport changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 7.1 months, from September 29 to May 3. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 10% on October 10.

Rain alone is the most common for 4.9 months, from May 3 to September 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on July 6.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Arctic Village AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 634%Jul 634%Mar 54%Mar 54%May 310%May 310%Sep 2919%Sep 2919%Jan 18%Jan 18%snowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Arctic Village Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 10 to October 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 8, with an average total accumulation of 2.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 1 to May 10. The least rain falls around February 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Arctic Village Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.7 months, from August 30 to May 21, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around October 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 21 to August 30. The least snow falls around July 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Arctic Village Airport experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

In the summer at Arctic Village Airport during 2017, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 1.8 months, rising at 1:48 AM on May 25, and not setting again until 1:27 AM on July 18.

In the winter at Arctic Village Airport during 2017, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 4.0 weeks, setting at 12:39 PM on December 7, and not rising again until 12:27 PM on January 4.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Arctic Village Airportpolar dayJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 14 minMar 2012 hr, 14 minMar 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2012 hr, 17 minSep 2212 hr, 17 minSep 220 minDec 210 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Arctic Village Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMMay 251:48 AMMay 251:48 AM1:27 AMJul 171:27 AMJul 1712:39 PMDec 712:39 PMDec 7Jan 412:27 PMJan 412:27 PMMar 12DSTMar 12DSTdaynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoon
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Arctic Village Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 30%Jul 30%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Arctic Village Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from November 10 to April 20, with average wind speeds of more than 7.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.7 months, from April 20 to November 10. The calmest day of the year is August 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Arctic Village Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 4.2 months, from March 5 to July 11; for 2.3 months, from August 18 to October 27; and for 1.3 months, from November 23 to December 31, with a peak percentage of 53% on April 22. The wind is most often from the west for 1.2 months, from July 11 to August 18, with a peak percentage of 38% on July 29. The wind is most often from the north for 3.9 weeks, from October 27 to November 23 and for 2.2 months, from December 31 to March 5, with a peak percentage of 47% on November 8.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Arctic Village AirportNEWENEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Arctic Village Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Arctic Village Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.33.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Arctic Village Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.30.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Arctic Village Airport typically lasts for 2.9 months (87 days), from around May 29 to around August 24, rarely starting before May 12 or after June 15, and rarely ending before August 7 or after September 11.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2950%May 2950%Aug 2450%Aug 2450%Jun 1590%Jun 1590%Aug 790%Aug 790%May 1210%May 1210%Sep 1110%Sep 1110%0%Feb 280%Feb 28Jul 22100%Jul 22100%frigidcoldcoolvery coldfreezing
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Arctic Village Airport should appear around June 14, only rarely appearing before June 5 or after June 22.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Arctic Village AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F100°F200°F300°F400°F500°F600°F700°FJun 1490°FJun 1490°FDec 31568°FDec 31568°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from April 28 to July 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 5.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from October 6 to March 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Arctic Village AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJun 225.9 kWhJun 225.9 kWhDec 200.0 kWhDec 200.0 kWhApr 284.7 kWhApr 284.7 kWhJul 304.7 kWhJul 304.7 kWhOct 61.2 kWhOct 61.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWhMar 21.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Arctic Village Airport are 68.116 deg latitude, -145.573 deg longitude, and 2,060 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Arctic Village Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 226 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,063 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,212 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,391 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Arctic Village Airport is covered by grassland (65%) and shrubs (21%), within 10 miles by grassland (63%) and shrubs (27%), and within 50 miles by grassland (38%) and shrubs (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Arctic Village Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Arctic Village Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.