Average Weather at Fort Yukon Airport Alaska, United States
At Fort Yukon Airport, the summers are comfortable and mostly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -24°F to 73°F and is rarely below -51°F or above 82°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Fort Yukon Airport for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid July.
The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 14 to September 6, with an average daily high temperature above 57°F. The hottest day of the year is July 3, with an average high of 73°F and low of 54°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 8 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 8°F. The coldest day of the year is January 19, with an average low of -24°F and high of -9°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
At Fort Yukon Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Fort Yukon Airport begins around April 30 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around July 30. On May 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 48% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 52% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 30 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around April 30. On December 7, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 69% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 31% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Fort Yukon Airport varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.5 months, from May 27 to October 11, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on August 23.
The drier season lasts 7.5 months, from October 11 to May 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 4% on March 18.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Fort Yukon Airport changes throughout the year.
Snow alone is the most common for 6.4 months, from October 6 to April 19. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 11% on January 2.
Rain alone is the most common for 5.6 months, from April 19 to October 6. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 23% on August 23.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort Yukon Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from May 13 to October 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 10, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 7.3 months, from October 2 to May 13. The least rain falls around November 23, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fort Yukon Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 15 to April 30, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from April 30 to September 15. The least snow falls around July 17, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
Due to its extreme latitude, Fort Yukon Airport experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.
In the summer at Fort Yukon Airport during 2017, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 1.0 months, rising at 1:43 AM on June 5, and not setting again until 1:32 AM on July 7.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Fort Yukon Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Fort Yukon Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Fort Yukon Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from November 9 to May 19, with average wind speeds of more than 6.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.7 months, from May 19 to November 9. The calmest day of the year is September 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Fort Yukon Airport varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from March 21 to May 18 and for 1.0 months, from October 4 to November 4, with a peak percentage of 47% on April 20. The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 weeks, from May 18 to June 1; for 4.0 weeks, from September 6 to October 4; and for 4.5 months, from November 4 to March 21, with a peak percentage of 36% on September 24. The wind is most often from the west for 3.2 months, from June 1 to September 6, with a peak percentage of 56% on July 29.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Fort Yukon Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fort Yukon Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Fort Yukon Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Fort Yukon Airport typically lasts for 3.4 months (105 days), from around May 20 to around September 3, rarely starting before May 4 or after June 6, and rarely ending before August 16 or after September 21.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Fort Yukon Airport should appear around May 27, only rarely appearing before May 19 or after June 5.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 2 to July 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 6.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from October 8 to March 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fort Yukon Airport are 66.571 deg latitude, -145.250 deg longitude, and 430 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Fort Yukon Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 39 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 429 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (69 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (1,155 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Fort Yukon Airport is covered by trees (66%), sparse vegetation (20%), and water (12%), within 10 miles by trees (75%) and sparse vegetation (12%), and within 50 miles by trees (62%) and shrubs (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Fort Yukon Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Fort Yukon Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.