Average Weather in Wellington New Zealand
In Wellington, the temperature typically varies from 45°F to 69°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 38°F or above 74°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from December 15 to March 21, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is February 3, with an average high of 69°F and low of 59°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 1 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature below 56°F. The coldest day of the year is July 15, with an average low of 45°F and high of 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Wellington varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 9 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 15 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:41 AM on December 9, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 7 minutes later at 7:47 AM on June 28. The earliest sunset is at 4:57 PM on June 14, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 60 minutes later at 8:57 PM on January 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Wellington during 2017, starting in the spring on September 24 and ending in the fall on April 2.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
In Wellington, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Wellington begins around January 12 and lasts for 3.5 months, ending around April 27. On March 5, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 66% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 34% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 27 and lasts for 8.5 months, ending around January 12. On July 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 45% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 55% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Wellington varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.5 months, from May 9 to October 25, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on June 22.
The drier season lasts 6.5 months, from October 25 to May 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on February 13.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on June 22.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Wellington experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Wellington. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 26, with an average total accumulation of 3.0 inches.
The least rain falls around January 30, with and average total accumulation of 1.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Wellington, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Wellington experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from September 3 to January 12, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.7 months, from January 12 to September 3. The calmest day of the year is April 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Wellington varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 3.1 weeks, from June 24 to July 16, with a peak percentage of 34% on July 9. The wind is most often from the north for 11 months, from July 16 to June 24, with a peak percentage of 53% on December 24.
Wellington is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from January 5 to March 30, with an average temperature above 61°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 18, with an average temperature of 63°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from June 19 to October 20, with an average temperature below 55°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 11, with an average temperature of 53°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 3 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is January 3, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 29 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 1.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Wellington are -41.287 deg latitude, 174.776 deg longitude, and 315 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Wellington contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,093 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 282 feet. Within 10 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,745 feet). Within 50 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (5,085 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Wellington is covered by artificial surfaces (34%), grassland (23%), water (21%), and trees (21%), within 10 miles by water (51%) and trees (27%), and within 50 miles by water (72%) and trees (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Wellington, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Wellington.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Wellington according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Wellington is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Wellington and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .