Average Weather in Mapua New Zealand
In Mapua, the summers are comfortable, the winters are cold and wet, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 40°F to 72°F and is rarely below 33°F or above 77°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Mapua for warm-weather activities is from early January to early March.
The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from December 13 to March 21, with an average daily high temperature above 68°F. The hottest day of the year is February 4, with an average high of 72°F and low of 59°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.2 months, from May 30 to September 4, with an average daily high temperature below 57°F. The coldest day of the year is July 13, with an average low of 40°F and high of 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Mapua, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Mapua begins around January 21 and lasts for 3.2 months, ending around April 26. On March 5, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 26 and lasts for 8.8 months, ending around January 21. On December 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Mapua varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.2 months, from April 30 to January 4, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on October 9.
The drier season lasts 3.9 months, from January 4 to April 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on February 11.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on October 9.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Mapua experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Mapua. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 12, with an average total accumulation of 3.5 inches.
The least rain falls around February 9, with an average total accumulation of 2.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Mapua varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is June 21, with 9 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 22, with 15 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:48 AM on December 8, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 6 minutes later at 7:54 AM on June 28. The earliest sunset is at 5:04 PM on June 14, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 59 minutes later at 9:03 PM on January 3.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Mapua during 2018, starting in the spring on September 30 and ending in the fall on April 1.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Mapua, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 3% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Mapua experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from September 12 to January 12, with average wind speeds of more than 6.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.0 months, from January 12 to September 12. The calmest day of the year is February 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Mapua is from the west throughout the year.
Mapua is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.9 months, from January 1 to March 30, with an average temperature above 64°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 66°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.6 months, from June 20 to October 7, with an average temperature below 56°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 53°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Mapua throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mapua for general outdoor tourist activities is from early January to early March, with a peak score in the second week of February.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Mapua for hot-weather activities is from mid January to mid February, with a peak score in the last week of January.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Mapua typically lasts for 11 months (343 days), from around July 19 to around June 27, rarely starting after August 21, or ending before May 29.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Mapua should appear around September 10, only rarely appearing before August 30 or after September 24.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 3 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is January 4, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 30 to August 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 1.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mapua are -41.250 deg latitude, 173.100 deg longitude, and 23 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mapua contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 33 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,850 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,018 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mapua is covered by water (63%), grassland (19%), and trees (16%), within 10 miles by water (52%) and trees (24%), and within 50 miles by trees (48%) and water (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mapua, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Nelson Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Mapua.
At a distance of 10 kilometers from Mapua, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Mapua according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.