Average Weather in Magadan Russia
In Magadan, the summers are cool; the winters are long, frigid, snowy, and windy; and it is mostly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -4°F to 61°F and is rarely below -27°F or above 70°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Magadan for warm-weather activities is from late July to mid August.
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 8 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 51°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 61°F and low of 49°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 24 to March 20, with an average daily high temperature below 21°F. The coldest day of the year is February 1, with an average low of -4°F and high of 12°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Magadan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Magadan begins around July 12 and lasts for 3.6 months, ending around November 1. On August 13, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 43% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 57% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 1 and lasts for 8.4 months, ending around July 12. On February 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Magadan varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.8 months, from May 24 to November 17, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on September 1.
The drier season lasts 6.2 months, from November 17 to May 24. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on February 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Magadan changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 5.8 months, from May 9 to November 2. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 32% on September 1.
Snow alone is the most common for 5.7 months, from November 2 to April 25. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on November 15.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.0 weeks, from April 25 to May 9. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 7% on May 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Magadan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 29 to November 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 17, with an average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 22 to April 29. The least rain falls around March 4, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Magadan experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from September 28 to May 31, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.0 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from May 31 to September 28. The least snow falls around July 29, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Magadan varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 6 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 3:37 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 19 minutes later at 9:56 AM on December 29. The earliest sunset is at 3:53 PM on December 16, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 26 minutes later at 10:19 PM on June 23.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Magadan during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Magadan, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Magadan experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 11 to April 2, with average wind speeds of more than 11.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 16.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 2 to October 11. The calmest day of the year is July 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Magadan varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 3.0 months, from May 26 to August 26, with a peak percentage of 40% on July 20. The wind is most often from the east for 2.6 months, from August 26 to November 14 and for 5.4 months, from December 13 to May 26, with a peak percentage of 47% on October 17. The wind is most often from the north for 4.1 weeks, from November 14 to December 13, with a peak percentage of 46% on December 10.
Magadan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.0 months, from July 9 to September 11, with an average temperature above 49°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 7, with an average temperature of 54°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 6.1 months, from November 20 to May 23, with an average temperature below 35°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 28, with an average temperature of 30°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Magadan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Magadan for general outdoor tourist activities is from late July to mid August, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Magadan typically lasts for 3.2 months (98 days), from around June 11 to around September 17, rarely starting before May 23 or after June 29, and rarely ending before August 26 or after October 14.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Magadan should appear around July 15, only rarely appearing before June 30 or after August 11.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from April 14 to August 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 19, with an average of 5.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 22 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Magadan are 59.564 deg latitude, 150.803 deg longitude, and 289 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Magadan contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,355 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 251 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,792 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,993 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Magadan is covered by grassland (29%), water (24%), artificial surfaces (18%), and shrubs (15%), within 10 miles by water (40%) and trees (28%), and within 50 miles by water (50%) and trees (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Magadan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Sokol Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Magadan.
At a distance of 39 kilometers from Magadan, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Magadan according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.