1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Russia
  3. Sakhalin

Average Weather in Shikotan Russia

In Shikotan, the summers are short, cool, wet, windy, and mostly cloudy and the winters are freezing, dry, extremely windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 61°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 65°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for warm-weather activities is from early August to late September.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow62%62%27%27%overcastclearprecipitation: 5.2 inprecipitation: 5.2 in1.0 in1.0 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.0tourism score: 5.00.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from July 14 to October 12, with an average daily high temperature above 54°F. The hottest day of the year is August 23, with an average high of 61°F and low of 58°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from December 20 to April 8, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is February 14, with an average low of 24°F and high of 28°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in ShikotanwarmcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 1428°FFeb 1428°FAug 2361°FAug 2361°F24°F24°F58°F58°FJul 1454°FJul 1454°FOct 1254°FOct 1254°FDec 2035°FDec 2035°FApr 835°FApr 835°F52°F52°F51°F51°F31°F31°F31°F31°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Miquelon, St. Pierre & Miquelon (6,007 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Shikotan (view comparison).

Clouds

In Shikotan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Shikotan begins around September 6 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around December 15. On October 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around December 15 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around September 6. On May 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in ShikotanclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 2462%Oct 2462%May 3127%May 3127%Sep 644%Sep 644%Dec 1545%Dec 1545%NowNowclearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Shikotan varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 9.0 months, from March 8 to December 8, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on September 4.

The drier season lasts 3.0 months, from December 8 to March 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on February 9.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Shikotan changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 10.0 months, from March 21 to January 18. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on September 4.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.0 months, from January 18 to March 21. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 14% on February 24.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ShikotansnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Sep 439%Sep 439%Feb 915%Feb 915%Mar 2126%Mar 2126%Jan 118%Jan 118%NowNowsnowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shikotan experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 16 to January 28, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 12, with an average total accumulation of 5.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 weeks, from January 28 to February 16. The least rain falls around February 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in ShikotanrainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in2 in2 in4 in4 in6 in6 in8 in8 inSep 125.2 inSep 125.2 inFeb 70.4 inFeb 70.4 inMay 153.1 inMay 153.1 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shikotan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from December 9 to April 24, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 6, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.2 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 24 to December 9. The least snow falls around August 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in ShikotansnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 inMar 61.2 inMar 61.2 inAug 130.0 inAug 130.0 inDec 90.1 inDec 90.1 inApr 240.1 inApr 240.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Shikotan varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 55 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2015 hr, 28 minJun 2115 hr, 28 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2312 hr, 11 minSep 238 hr, 55 minDec 228 hr, 55 minDec 22nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 17 minutes later at 8:47 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:35 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 24 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Shikotan during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 155:30 AMJun 155:30 AM8:59 PMJun 268:59 PMJun 26Dec 95:35 PMDec 95:35 PM8:47 AMJan 38:47 AMJan 3daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Shikotan, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Apr 90%Apr 90%Aug 234%Aug 234%comfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Shikotan experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 5 to April 8, with average wind speeds of more than 15.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 20.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 8 to October 5. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in ShikotanwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph5 mph5 mph10 mph10 mph15 mph15 mph20 mph20 mph25 mph25 mph30 mph30 mphDec 2820.1 mphDec 2820.1 mphJul 2310.2 mphJul 2310.2 mphOct 515.1 mphOct 515.1 mphApr 815.1 mphApr 815.1 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Shikotan varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.0 weeks, from February 19 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 38% on February 21. The wind is most often from the west for 1.3 months, from February 26 to April 6 and for 4.1 months, from October 15 to February 19, with a peak percentage of 38% on March 13. The wind is most often from the south for 6.3 months, from April 6 to October 15, with a peak percentage of 48% on August 5.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in ShikotanWWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Shikotan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 24 to October 16, with an average temperature above 54°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 1, with an average temperature of 59°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from December 31 to May 15, with an average temperature below 38°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 8, with an average temperature of 33°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature in ShikotanwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F30°F35°F35°F40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°FSep 159°FSep 159°F33°FMar 833°FMar 8Jul 2454°FJul 2454°FOct 1654°FOct 1654°FDec 3138°FDec 3138°FMay 1538°FMay 1538°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Shikotan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for general outdoor tourist activities is from early August to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Shikotanbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.05.00.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for hot-weather activities is from mid August to early September, with a peak score in the third week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810100.10.10.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Shikotan typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around April 19 to around December 1, rarely starting before April 2 or after May 6, and rarely ending before November 15 or after December 17.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Shikotangrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 1950%Apr 1950%Dec 150%Dec 190%May 690%May 690%Nov 1590%Nov 1510%Apr 210%Apr 210%Dec 1710%Dec 170%Feb 120%Feb 12Aug 9100%Aug 9100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Shikotan should appear around July 25, only rarely appearing before July 16 or after August 9.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in ShikotanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F100°F100°F200°F200°F300°F300°F400°F400°F500°F500°F600°F600°F700°F700°F800°F800°F900°F900°FJul 2590°FJul 2590°FDec 31736°FDec 31736°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 16 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 13, with an average of 5.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 9 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 1.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ShikotanbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWhJul 135.8 kWhJul 135.8 kWhDec 281.1 kWhDec 281.1 kWhMay 164.9 kWhMay 164.9 kWhAug 274.9 kWhAug 274.9 kWhFeb 102.1 kWhFeb 102.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Shikotan are 43.799 deg latitude, 146.722 deg longitude, and 115 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Shikotan contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 712 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 248 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,398 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,771 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Shikotan is covered by trees (76%) and cropland (17%), within 10 miles by water (75%) and trees (14%), and within 50 miles by water (96%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Shikotan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Shikotan is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Shikotan, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.