Average Weather in Shikotan Russia
In Shikotan, the summers are short, cool, wet, windy, and mostly cloudy and the winters are freezing, dry, extremely windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 61°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 65°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for warm-weather activities is from early August to late September.
The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from July 14 to October 12, with an average daily high temperature above 54°F. The hottest day of the year is August 23, with an average high of 61°F and low of 58°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.6 months, from December 20 to April 8, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is February 14, with an average low of 24°F and high of 28°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Shikotan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Shikotan begins around September 6 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around December 15. On October 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around December 15 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around September 6. On May 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Shikotan varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 9.0 months, from March 8 to December 8, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on September 4.
The drier season lasts 3.0 months, from December 8 to March 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 15% on February 9.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Shikotan changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 10.0 months, from March 21 to January 18. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 39% on September 4.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.0 months, from January 18 to March 21. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 14% on February 24.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shikotan experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 16 to January 28, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 12, with an average total accumulation of 5.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.8 weeks, from January 28 to February 16. The least rain falls around February 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Shikotan experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from December 9 to April 24, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 6, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from April 24 to December 9. The least snow falls around August 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Shikotan varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 55 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:30 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 17 minutes later at 8:47 AM on January 3. The earliest sunset is at 5:35 PM on December 9, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 24 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Shikotan during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Shikotan, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Shikotan experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from October 5 to April 8, with average wind speeds of more than 15.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 20.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.9 months, from April 8 to October 5. The calmest day of the year is July 23, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Shikotan varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 1.0 weeks, from February 19 to February 26, with a peak percentage of 38% on February 21. The wind is most often from the west for 1.3 months, from February 26 to April 6 and for 4.1 months, from October 15 to February 19, with a peak percentage of 38% on March 13. The wind is most often from the south for 6.3 months, from April 6 to October 15, with a peak percentage of 48% on August 5.
Shikotan is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from July 24 to October 16, with an average temperature above 54°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 1, with an average temperature of 59°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.5 months, from December 31 to May 15, with an average temperature below 38°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 8, with an average temperature of 33°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Shikotan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for general outdoor tourist activities is from early August to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Shikotan for hot-weather activities is from mid August to early September, with a peak score in the third week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Shikotan typically lasts for 7.4 months (226 days), from around April 19 to around December 1, rarely starting before April 2 or after May 6, and rarely ending before November 15 or after December 17.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Shikotan should appear around July 25, only rarely appearing before July 16 or after August 9.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 16 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 13, with an average of 5.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 9 to February 10, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 28, with an average of 1.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Shikotan are 43.799 deg latitude, 146.722 deg longitude, and 115 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Shikotan contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 712 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 248 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,398 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,771 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Shikotan is covered by trees (76%) and cropland (17%), within 10 miles by water (75%) and trees (14%), and within 50 miles by water (96%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Shikotan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Shikotan is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Shikotan, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.