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Average Weather in Managua Nicaragua

In Managua, the wet season is oppressive and overcast; the dry season is muggy, windy, and mostly clear; and it is hot year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 71°F to 94°F and is rarely below 67°F or above 97°F.

Climate Summary

hotJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec77%77%11%11%clearovercastprecipitation: 7.1 inprecipitation: 7.1 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 100%muggy: 100%65%65%beach/pool score: 7.9beach/pool score: 7.94.34.3
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Managua for hot-weather activities is from early December to late March.

Temperature

The temperature in Managua varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in ManaguaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcomfortablehotwarmwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Tirunelveli, India (10,633 miles away); Krabi, Thailand (11,009 miles); and Kertosono, Indonesia (11,161 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Managua (view comparison).

Clouds

In Managua, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Managua begins around November 20 and lasts for 4.8 months, ending around April 14. On January 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 22% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 14 and lasts for 7.2 months, ending around November 20. On June 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 89% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 11% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in ManaguaclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jan 477%Jan 477%Jun 611%Jun 611%Nov 2044%Nov 2044%Apr 1444%Apr 1444%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Managua varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.7 months, from May 15 to November 5, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on September 18.

The drier season lasts 6.3 months, from November 5 to May 15. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on September 18.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in ManaguawetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Sep 1843%Sep 1843%Jan 50%Jan 50%Jan 11%Jan 11%May 1522%May 1522%Nov 522%Nov 522%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Managua experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from April 12 to December 7, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 25, with an average total accumulation of 7.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from December 7 to April 12. The least rain falls around January 14, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Managua does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 50 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 25 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 12 hours, 50 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:19 AM on May 30, and the latest sunrise is 52 minutes later at 6:10 AM on January 24. The earliest sunset is at 5:16 PM on November 18, and the latest sunset is 58 minutes later at 6:14 PM on July 10.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Managua during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in ManaguaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PMMay 305:19 AMMay 305:19 AM6:14 PMJul 106:14 PMJul 10Nov 185:16 PMNov 185:16 PM6:10 AMJan 246:10 AMJan 24daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Managua experiences significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 9.2 months, from March 22 to December 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 74% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 22, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is February 1, with muggy conditions 65% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in ManaguamuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 165%Feb 165%100%Sep 22100%Sep 22Mar 2274%Mar 2274%Dec 2874%Dec 2874%miserablemiserablehumidhumidmuggymuggyoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Managua experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from December 2 to May 2, with average wind speeds of more than 11.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 15.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.0 months, from May 2 to December 2. The calmest day of the year is October 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in ManaguawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mphFeb 1015.5 mphFeb 1015.5 mphOct 38.0 mphOct 38.0 mphDec 211.7 mphDec 211.7 mphMay 211.7 mphMay 211.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Managua is from the east throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in ManaguaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastsouthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Managua is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 5.1 months, from May 4 to October 9, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is June 10, with an average temperature of 84°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 2.4 months, from January 9 to March 22, with an average temperature below 81°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 11, with an average temperature of 80°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Managua throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Managua for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid December to early March, with a peak score in the second week of January.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Managuabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.46.43.23.24.14.13.53.5 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Managua for hot-weather activities is from early December to late March, with a peak score in the first week of January.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Managuabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.97.94.34.35.55.54.54.5 precipitationprecipitationtemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Managua are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in ManaguaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%100%Jan 1100%Jan 1100%Jul 3100%Jul 3warmhotcomfortablesweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in ManaguaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F2,000°F4,000°F6,000°F8,000°F10,000°FJan 490°FJan 490°FMar 41,800°FMar 41,800°FDec 3110,944°FDec 3110,944°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from February 19 to April 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is March 25, with an average of 7.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from August 23 to November 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is October 2, with an average of 4.6 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ManaguabrightdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhMar 257.4 kWhMar 257.4 kWhOct 24.6 kWhOct 24.6 kWhAug 235.2 kWhAug 235.2 kWhNov 115.2 kWhNov 115.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Managua are 12.133 deg latitude, -86.250 deg longitude, and 367 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Managua contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 541 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 366 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,949 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (4,465 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Managua is covered by trees (51%) and grassland (38%), within 10 miles by water (29%) and trees (26%), and within 50 miles by water (33%) and grassland (23%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Managua, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Managua.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Managua according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Managua is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Managua and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Augusto César Sandino International Airport (98%, 9 kilometers, east) and Choluteca (1.6%, 165 kilometers, northwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.