Average Weather in Peterborough Australia
In Peterborough, the summers are warm, the winters are cold and windy, and it is dry and mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 87°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 100°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Peterborough for warm-weather activities is from late December to early March.
The hot season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 30 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature above 80°F. The hottest day of the year is January 24, with an average high of 87°F and low of 58°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 20 to August 29, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is July 20, with an average low of 34°F and high of 55°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Peterborough, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Peterborough begins around July 18 and lasts for 3.3 months, ending around October 27. On September 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 77% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 23% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 27 and lasts for 8.7 months, ending around July 18. On June 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Peterborough varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.0 months, from May 8 to December 7, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 17% on July 7.
The drier season lasts 5.0 months, from December 7 to May 8. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on January 5.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 17% on July 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Peterborough experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Peterborough. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 9, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
The least rain falls around March 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Peterborough varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is June 22, with 9 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 22, with 14 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:47 AM on October 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 42 minutes later at 7:29 AM on April 6. The earliest sunset is at 5:14 PM on June 11, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 13 minutes later at 8:27 PM on January 8.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Peterborough during 2019, starting in the spring on October 6 and ending in the fall on April 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Peterborough, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Peterborough experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from July 22 to March 5, with average wind speeds of more than 10.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is September 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from March 5 to July 22. The calmest day of the year is May 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Peterborough varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 6.0 days, from May 3 to May 9 and for 4.3 months, from June 1 to October 10, with a peak percentage of 42% on August 10. The wind is most often from the north for 3.3 weeks, from May 9 to June 1, with a peak percentage of 30% on May 27. The wind is most often from the south for 6.0 months, from October 10 to April 11, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Peterborough throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Peterborough for general outdoor tourist activities is from late December to early March, with a peak score in the first week of February.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Peterborough for hot-weather activities is from early January to mid February, with a peak score in the last week of January.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Peterborough typically lasts for 7.1 months (216 days), from around October 4 to around May 7, rarely starting before September 5 or after October 27, and rarely ending before April 14 or after May 31.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Peterborough should appear around August 23, only rarely appearing before August 10 or after September 9.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 2 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is January 4, with an average of 8.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 3 to August 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 2.7 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Peterborough are -32.972 deg latitude, 138.841 deg longitude, and 1,808 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Peterborough contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 279 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,801 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (804 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,146 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Peterborough is covered by cropland (38%), sparse vegetation (24%), grassland (13%), and trees (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (44%) and sparse vegetation (26%), and within 50 miles by sparse vegetation (45%) and cropland (37%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Peterborough, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Whyalla Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Peterborough.
At a distance of 124 kilometers from Peterborough, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Peterborough according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.