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Average Weather in Birobidzhan Russia

In Birobidzhan, the summers are long, warm, and wet; the winters are frigid and dry; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -18°F to 82°F and is rarely below -31°F or above 92°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Birobidzhan for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoldcoolwarmcoolfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow58%58%42%42%overcastclearprecipitation: 4.9 inprecipitation: 4.9 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 26%muggy: 26%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.1tourism score: 6.10.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 19 to September 16, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 82°F and low of 62°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 23 to February 27, with an average daily high temperature below 17°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of -18°F and high of 2°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in BirobidzhanwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-40°F-40°F-20°F-20°F0°F0°F20°F20°F40°F40°F60°F60°F80°F80°F100°F100°FJan 162°FJan 162°FJul 2082°FJul 2082°F-18°F-18°F62°F62°FMay 1966°FMay 1966°FSep 1666°FSep 1666°FNov 2317°FNov 2317°FFeb 2717°FFeb 2717°F44°F44°F46°F46°F1°F1°F-4°F-4°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in BirobidzhanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidcoolwarmcoldcoldcomfortablefreezingfreezingvery coldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

High Level, Canada (4,038 miles away); Flin Flon, Canada (4,614 miles); and Red Lake, Canada (5,014 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Birobidzhan (view comparison).

Clouds

In Birobidzhan, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Birobidzhan begins around July 24 and lasts for 7.7 months, ending around March 16. On September 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 16 and lasts for 4.3 months, ending around July 24. On June 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in BirobidzhanclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 2358%Sep 2358%Jun 442%Jun 442%Jul 2450%Jul 2450%Mar 1650%Mar 1650%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Birobidzhan varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from April 27 to September 29, with a greater than 23% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 44% on August 4.

The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from September 29 to April 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on January 10.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Birobidzhan changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 7.2 months, from March 27 to November 2. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 44% on August 4.

Snow alone is the most common for 4.8 months, from November 2 to March 27. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 7% on November 20.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BirobidzhansnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Aug 444%Aug 444%Jan 102%Jan 102%Mar 2710%Mar 2710%Nov 212%Nov 212%Jan 13%Jan 13%Apr 2723%Apr 2723%Sep 2923%Sep 2923%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Birobidzhan experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 3 to November 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 4, with an average total accumulation of 4.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 2 to April 3. The least rain falls around December 22, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Birobidzhan experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 13 to April 18, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 18 to October 13. The least snow falls around July 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in BirobidzhansnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 inNov 250.4 inNov 250.4 inJul 220.0 inJul 220.0 inMar 160.3 inMar 160.3 inJan 150.1 inJan 150.1 inOct 130.1 inOct 130.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Birobidzhan varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in BirobidzhanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 9 minMar 2012 hr, 9 minMar 2016 hr, 10 minJun 2116 hr, 10 minJun 2112 hr, 12 minSep 2312 hr, 12 minSep 238 hr, 15 minDec 228 hr, 15 minDec 22nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:04 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 57 minutes later at 9:01 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 5:11 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 4 minutes later at 9:15 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Birobidzhan during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in BirobidzhanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 175:04 AMJun 175:04 AM9:15 PMJun 259:15 PMJun 25Dec 115:11 PMDec 115:11 PM9:01 AMJan 19:01 AMJan 1daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Birobidzhan experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from June 24 to August 28, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 7% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 1, with muggy conditions 26% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is March 4, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in BirobidzhanmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 40%Mar 40%Aug 126%Aug 126%Jun 247%Jun 247%Aug 287%Aug 287%drydryhumidhumidmuggymuggycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Birobidzhan experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 17 to May 15, with average wind speeds of more than 4.6 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 15 to October 17. The calmest day of the year is July 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in BirobidzhanwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mph9 mph9 mphMar 75.9 mphMar 75.9 mphJul 133.3 mphJul 133.3 mphOct 174.6 mphOct 174.6 mphMay 154.6 mphMay 154.6 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Birobidzhan varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.8 months, from May 12 to August 7, with a peak percentage of 36% on June 24. The wind is most often from the west for 9.2 months, from August 7 to May 12, with a peak percentage of 51% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in BirobidzhanWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Birobidzhan throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Birobidzhan for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Birobidzhanbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.16.10.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Birobidzhan for hot-weather activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in BirobidzhanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810102.72.70.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Birobidzhan typically lasts for 4.8 months (146 days), from around May 7 to around September 30, rarely starting before April 23 or after May 20, and rarely ending before September 15 or after October 14.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Birobidzhangrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 750%May 750%Sep 3050%Sep 3050%May 2090%May 2090%Sep 1590%Sep 1590%Apr 2310%Apr 2310%Oct 1410%Oct 1410%0%Nov 300%Nov 30Jul 14100%Jul 14100%NowNowfrigidcoolcomfortablewarmhotcoldfreezingvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Birobidzhan should appear around May 15, only rarely appearing before May 7 or after May 23.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in BirobidzhanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°FMay 1590°FMay 1590°FJul 12900°FJul 12900°FAug 281,800°FAug 281,800°FDec 312,099°FDec 312,099°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 6 to August 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 3, with an average of 6.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from October 28 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 1.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BirobidzhanbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJul 36.1 kWhJul 36.1 kWhDec 171.2 kWhDec 171.2 kWhMay 65.1 kWhMay 65.1 kWhAug 125.1 kWhAug 125.1 kWhOct 282.2 kWhOct 282.2 kWhFeb 62.2 kWhFeb 62.2 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Birobidzhan are 48.793 deg latitude, 132.924 deg longitude, and 282 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Birobidzhan contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 374 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 269 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,243 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,514 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Birobidzhan is covered by artificial surfaces (73%) and trees (11%), within 10 miles by trees (51%) and grassland (20%), and within 50 miles by trees (58%) and grassland (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Birobidzhan, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Birobidzhan is further than 200 kilometers from the nearest reliable weather station, so the weather-related data on this page were taken entirely from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

The temperature and dew point estimates are corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Birobidzhan, according to the International Standard Atmosphere .

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.