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Average Weather in Yakutsk Russia

In Yakutsk, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are frigid, dry, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -44°F to 77°F and is rarely below -57°F or above 89°F.

The warm season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 16 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 55°F. The hottest day of the year is July 15, with an average high of 77°F and low of 56°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 16 to February 26, with an average daily high temperature below -11°F. The coldest day of the year is January 5, with an average low of -44°F and high of -33°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Yakutsk12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmwarmcomfortablecomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Yakutsk, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Yakutsk begins around April 19 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around September 29. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 53% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 47% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 29 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around April 19. On November 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 85% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 15% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Yakutskclearerclearercloudiercloudiercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNov 685%Nov 685%Jul 2247%Jul 2247%Apr 1966%Apr 1966%Sep 2967%Sep 2967%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Yakutsk varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from May 2 to October 3, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 27% on June 16.

The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from October 3 to May 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on January 28.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Yakutsk changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 6.3 months, from October 7 to April 18. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on October 26.

Rain alone is the most common for 5.7 months, from April 18 to October 7. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 27% on June 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Yakutsksnowsnowrainrainsnowsnow0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 1627%Jun 1627%Jan 280%Jan 280%Apr 1810%Apr 1810%Oct 713%Oct 713%Jan 11%Jan 11%rainrainsnowsnowmixedmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Yakutsk experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 26 to October 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 26, with an average total accumulation of 2.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from October 5 to April 26. The least rain falls around January 1, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Yakutsk experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 21 to May 10, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around October 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 10 to September 21. The least snow falls around July 26, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Yakutsksnowsnowsnowsnow0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecOct 200.3 inOct 200.3 inJul 260.0 inJul 260.0 inApr 160.2 inApr 160.2 inSep 210.1 inSep 210.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Yakutsk varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 5 hours, 8 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 19 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 2:29 AM on June 20, and the latest sunrise is 7 hours, 17 minutes later at 9:46 AM on December 26. The earliest sunset is at 2:52 PM on December 17, and the latest sunset is 7 hours, 24 minutes later at 10:16 PM on June 22.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Yakutsk during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Yakutsk2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 202:29 AMJun 202:29 AM10:16 PMJun 2210:16 PMJun 22Dec 172:52 PMDec 172:52 PM9:46 AMDec 269:46 AMDec 26daydaynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Yakutsk, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Yakutsk0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNov 70%Nov 70%Jul 202%Jul 202%comfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Yakutsk experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from February 11 to May 22, with average wind speeds of more than 2.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.6 months, from May 22 to February 11. The calmest day of the year is July 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Yakutskwindywindy0.0 mph0.5 mph1.0 mph1.5 mph2.0 mph2.5 mph3.0 mph3.5 mph4.0 mph4.5 mph5.0 mphJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecMar 243.3 mphMar 243.3 mphJul 212.2 mphJul 212.2 mphFeb 112.7 mphFeb 112.7 mphMay 222.7 mphMay 222.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Yakutsk is from the west throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Yakutsk0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 8 to August 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 24, with an average of 6.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from October 13 to February 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.1 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Yakutskbrightbrightdarkdarkdarkdark0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 246.1 kWhJun 246.1 kWhDec 220.1 kWhDec 220.1 kWhMay 84.9 kWhMay 84.9 kWhAug 84.8 kWhAug 84.8 kWhOct 131.3 kWhOct 131.3 kWhFeb 221.3 kWhFeb 221.3 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Yakutsk are 62.034 deg latitude, 129.733 deg longitude, and 299 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Yakutsk is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 49 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 300 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (561 feet). Within 50 miles also contains significant variations in elevation (797 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Yakutsk is covered by artificial surfaces (41%) and grassland (27%), within 10 miles by trees (52%) and water (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (85%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Yakutsk, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Yakutsk Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Yakutsk.

At a distance of 7 kilometers from Yakutsk, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Yakutsk according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.