Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Kapsan-ŭp North Korea
In Kapsan-ŭp, the summers are comfortable and wet, the winters are frigid and dry, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -3°F to 73°F and is rarely below -15°F or above 81°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kapsan-ŭp for warm-weather activities is from mid July to mid August.
Climate in Kapsan-ŭp
Average Temperature in Kapsan-ŭp
The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 29 to September 22, with an average daily high temperature above 62°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 73°F and low of 58°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 28 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 28°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of -3°F and high of 17°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Kapsan-ŭp
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Kapsan-ŭp
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Bonnyville, Canada (4,989 miles away); Belcourt, North Dakota, United States (5,576 miles); and Atikokan, Canada (5,776 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kapsan-ŭp (view comparison).
In Kapsan-ŭp, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kapsan-ŭp begins around September 11 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around April 20. On October 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 69% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 31% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 20 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around September 11. On July 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Kapsan-ŭp
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kapsan-ŭp varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.0 months, from May 9 to September 11, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 48% on July 17.
The drier season lasts 8.0 months, from September 11 to May 9. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on January 22.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kapsan-ŭp changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 7.7 months, from March 25 to November 15. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 48% on July 17.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.3 months, from November 15 to March 25. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on March 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Kapsan-ŭp
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kapsan-ŭp experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 3 to November 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 23, with an average total accumulation of 5.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 1 to April 3. The least rain falls around January 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Kapsan-ŭp
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kapsan-ŭp experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from October 17 to April 26, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around November 13, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from April 26 to October 17. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Kapsan-ŭp
The length of the day in Kapsan-ŭp varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 13 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Kapsan-ŭp
The earliest sunrise is at 4:53 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 58 minutes later at 7:52 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:58 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 5 minutes later at 8:03 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kapsan-ŭp during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Kapsan-ŭp
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Kapsan-ŭp
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Kapsan-ŭp experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 1.6 months, from July 10 to August 29, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 5% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 3, with muggy conditions 20% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is November 19, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Kapsan-ŭp
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kapsan-ŭp experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 25 to May 21, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 21 to October 25. The calmest day of the year is August 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Kapsan-ŭp
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kapsan-ŭp is from the west throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Kapsan-ŭp
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kapsan-ŭp throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kapsan-ŭp for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Tourism Score in Kapsan-ŭp
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kapsan-ŭp for hot-weather activities is from late July to mid August.
Beach/Pool Score in Kapsan-ŭp
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Kapsan-ŭp typically lasts for 4.3 months (132 days), from around May 15 to around September 24, rarely starting before April 29 or after May 31, and rarely ending before September 9 or after October 10.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kapsan-ŭp
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kapsan-ŭp should appear around May 23, only rarely appearing before May 13 or after June 4.
Growing Degree Days in Kapsan-ŭp
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from April 14 to August 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 2, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 7 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Kapsan-ŭp
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kapsan-ŭp are 41.090 deg latitude, 128.293 deg longitude, and 2,667 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kapsan-ŭp contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,591 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,115 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,812 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,225 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kapsan-ŭp is covered by sparse vegetation (54%) and cropland (31%), within 10 miles by trees (39%) and sparse vegetation (27%), and within 50 miles by trees (59%) and sparse vegetation (12%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kapsan-ŭp, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Kimchaek, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kapsan-ŭp.
At a distance of 90 kilometers from Kapsan-ŭp, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kapsan-ŭp according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.