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Average Weather in Princeton Canada

In Princeton, the summers are warm, dry, and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, snowy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 15°F to 81°F and is rarely below -2°F or above 92°F.

Climate Summary

freezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec68%68%32%32%overcastprecipitation: 2.6 inprecipitation: 2.6 in0.7 in0.7 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 5.3tourism score: 5.30.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Princeton for warm-weather activities is from mid July to mid August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.1 months, from June 12 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 81°F and low of 51°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 17 to February 20, with an average daily high temperature below 37°F. The coldest day of the year is December 29, with an average low of 15°F and high of 26°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoolcoolwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Hriňová, Slovakia (5,264 miles away); Koprivshtitsa, Bulgaria (5,734 miles); and Evren, Turkey (6,123 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Princeton (view comparison).

Clouds

In Princeton, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Princeton begins around June 24 and lasts for 3.1 months, ending around September 27. On August 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 27 and lasts for 8.9 months, ending around June 24. On January 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 32% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in PrincetonclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 368%Aug 368%Jan 2032%Jan 2032%Jun 2449%Jun 2449%Sep 2750%Sep 2750%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Princeton varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 8.0 months, from October 14 to June 13, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 40% on November 18.

The drier season lasts 4.0 months, from June 13 to October 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 10% on August 10.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Princeton changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.9 months, from February 26 to November 23. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 27% on May 29.

Snow alone is the most common for 2.3 months, from November 28 to February 7. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 22% on January 3.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 3.4 weeks, from February 7 to February 26 and from November 23 to November 28. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 14% on November 27.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in PrincetonsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 1840%Nov 1840%Aug 1010%Aug 1010%Feb 727%Feb 727%Jan 130%Jan 130%Oct 1425%Oct 1425%Jun 1325%Jun 1325%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Princeton experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 13 to December 27, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 7, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.4 weeks, from December 27 to January 13. The least rain falls around January 2, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Princeton experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from October 18 to April 3, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 4, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 3 to October 18. The least snow falls around July 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in PrincetonsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 inJan 41.4 inJan 41.4 inJul 300.0 inJul 300.0 inOct 180.1 inOct 180.1 inApr 30.1 inApr 30.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Princeton varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 9 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 16 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2016 hr, 17 minJun 2016 hr, 17 minJun 2012 hr, 10 minSep 2212 hr, 10 minSep 228 hr, 9 minDec 218 hr, 9 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:54 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 3 minutes later at 7:58 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:02 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 10 minutes later at 9:12 PM on June 24.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Princeton during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 164:54 AMJun 164:54 AM9:12 PMJun 249:12 PMJun 24Dec 114:02 PMDec 114:02 PM7:58 AMDec 317:58 AMDec 31Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Princeton, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 290%Dec 290%Jun 290%Jun 290%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Princeton does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 4.0 miles per hour throughout.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mphJan 174.4 mphJan 174.4 mphAug 143.6 mphAug 143.6 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Princeton varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 7.1 months, from March 16 to October 18, with a peak percentage of 76% on June 30. The wind is most often from the south for 4.9 months, from October 18 to March 16, with a peak percentage of 42% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in PrincetonSWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Princeton throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Princeton for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468105.35.30.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Princeton for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468102.02.00.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Princeton typically lasts for 4.2 months (129 days), from around May 13 to around September 19, rarely starting before April 28 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 2 or after October 6.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Princetongrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 1350%May 1350%Sep 1950%Sep 1950%May 2990%May 2990%Sep 290%Sep 290%Apr 2810%Apr 2810%Oct 610%Oct 610%0%Feb 220%Feb 22Jul 17100%Jul 17100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Princeton should appear around May 10, only rarely appearing before April 28 or after May 24.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in PrincetonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F200°F400°F600°F800°F1,000°F1,200°F1,400°F1,600°F1,800°FMay 1090°FMay 1090°FAug 1900°FAug 1900°FDec 311,576°FDec 311,576°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 8 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 15, with an average of 7.1 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 24 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 1.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Princeton are 49.458 deg latitude, -120.511 deg longitude, and 2,566 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Princeton contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,302 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,373 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,144 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,770 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Princeton is covered by sparse vegetation (56%), shrubs (21%), and grassland (15%), within 10 miles by trees (50%) and sparse vegetation (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (69%) and sparse vegetation (17%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Princeton, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Princeton.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Princeton according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Princeton is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Princeton and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Princeton Aerodrome (49%, 1.1 kilometers, north); Princeton Automatic Weather Reporting System (49%, 1.3 kilometers, northeast); Hope (1.1%, 71 kilometers, west); and Hope Aerodrome (1.1%, 71 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.