Average Weather in Gulf Shores Alabama, United States
In Gulf Shores, the summers are long, hot, and oppressive; the winters are cool and windy; and it is wet and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 89°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 94°F.
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 26 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 89°F and low of 76°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.1 months, from December 3 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 67°F. The coldest day of the year is January 29, with an average low of 44°F and high of 62°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Gulf Shores, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Gulf Shores begins around September 2 and lasts for 9.4 months, ending around June 14. On October 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 14 and lasts for 2.6 months, ending around September 2. On July 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 62% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 38% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Gulf Shores varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.7 months, from June 12 to September 4, with a greater than 40% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 59% on July 28.
The drier season lasts 9.3 months, from September 4 to June 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 20% on October 15.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 59% on July 28.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Gulf Shores experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Gulf Shores. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 21, with an average total accumulation of 5.8 inches.
The least rain falls around October 21, with and average total accumulation of 3.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Gulf Shores varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 12 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 6 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:48 AM on June 10, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 19 minutes later at 7:07 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:49 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 7 minutes later at 7:56 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Gulf Shores during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Gulf Shores experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 12 to October 27, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 27% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 7, with muggy conditions 97% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 29, with muggy conditions 3% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gulf Shores experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 23 to May 6, with average wind speeds of more than 4.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from May 6 to September 23. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Gulf Shores varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 4.4 months, from February 27 to July 8, with a peak percentage of 45% on June 2. The wind is most often from the east for 2.7 months, from August 22 to November 13, with a peak percentage of 43% on September 23. The wind is most often from the north for 3.5 months, from November 13 to February 27, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
Gulf Shores is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 5 to October 3, with an average temperature above 80°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 85°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.6 months, from December 14 to April 3, with an average temperature below 67°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 5, with an average temperature of 63°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from April 1 to June 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 18, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 16 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gulf Shores are 30.246 deg latitude, -87.701 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gulf Shores is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 33 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (75 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (299 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gulf Shores is covered by water (51%) and artificial surfaces (35%), within 10 miles by water (64%) and cropland (13%), and within 50 miles by water (64%) and trees (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gulf Shores, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Jack Edwards Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Gulf Shores.
At a distance of 6 kilometers from Gulf Shores, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Gulf Shores according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.