1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. United States
  3. Oregon
  4. Fossil

Average Weather in Fossil Oregon, United States

In Fossil, the summers are short, warm, and mostly clear; the winters are chilly, windy, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 84°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 93°F.

The warm season lasts for 2.8 months, from June 18 to September 13, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is July 30, with an average high of 84°F and low of 53°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 14 to February 22, with an average daily high temperature below 46°F. The coldest day of the year is December 23, with an average low of 24°F and high of 37°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Fossil12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecfreezingchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Fossil, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Fossil begins around June 14 and lasts for 3.7 months, ending around October 5. On July 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 18% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 5 and lasts for 8.3 months, ending around June 14. On January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time.

Cloud Cover

Cloud Cover in Fossilclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 1667%Jan 1667%Jul 2918%Jul 2918%Jun 1442%Jun 1442%Oct 543%Oct 543%overcastmostly cloudypartly cloudymostly clearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Fossil varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from October 16 to June 10, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 27% on December 1.

The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from June 10 to October 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 5.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on November 10.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Fossilwetwetdry0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 127%Dec 127%Aug 55%Aug 55%Oct 1617%Oct 1617%Jun 1017%Jun 1017%snowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fossil experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.3 months, from September 22 to July 1, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 18, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from July 1 to September 22. The least rain falls around August 2, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fossil experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from November 6 to March 6, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 30, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from March 6 to November 6. The least snow falls around August 3, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Fossilsnowsnow0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 inJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 300.4 inDec 300.4 inAug 30.0 inAug 30.0 inNov 60.1 inNov 60.1 inMar 60.1 inMar 60.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Fossil varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 46 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 37 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:13 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 30 minutes later at 7:43 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:19 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 33 minutes later at 8:51 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Fossil during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Fossil12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJun 155:13 AMJun 155:13 AM8:51 PMJun 268:51 PMJun 26Dec 104:19 PMDec 104:19 PM7:43 AMNov 47:43 AMNov 4Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Fossil, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Fossil0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 30%Jul 30%drydryhumidhumid
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Fossil experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from October 28 to April 13, with average wind speeds of more than 4.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 13 to October 28. The calmest day of the year is August 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Fossil varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 7.1 months, from March 14 to October 17, with a peak percentage of 65% on June 21. The wind is most often from the south for 4.9 months, from October 17 to March 14, with a peak percentage of 55% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in FossilSWS0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 23 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 14, with an average of 7.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 27 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 26, with an average of 1.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fossil are 44.998 deg latitude, -120.216 deg longitude, and 3,196 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Fossil contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,135 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,962 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,212 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,647 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Fossil is covered by shrubs (95%), within 10 miles by shrubs (95%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (81%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Fossil, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fossil.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fossil according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Fossil is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fossil and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: The Dalles Municipal Airport (22%, 102 kilometers, northwest); Roberts Field-Redmond Municipal Airport (30%, 110 kilometers, southwest); Hermiston Municipal Airport (21%, 119 kilometers, northeast); and John Day State Airport (27%, 119 kilometers, southeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.