Average Weather in Alturas California, United States
In Alturas, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are chilly and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 21°F to 88°F and is rarely below 6°F or above 96°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 17 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 78°F. The hottest day of the year is July 29, with an average high of 88°F and low of 48°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 16 to March 2, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 21°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Alturas, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Alturas begins around June 3 and lasts for 4.4 months, ending around October 14. On July 28, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 88% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 12% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 14 and lasts for 7.6 months, ending around June 3. On January 10, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 61% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 39% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Alturas varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.4 months, from October 20 to June 3, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 25% on December 7.
The drier season lasts 4.5 months, from June 3 to October 20. The smallest chance of a wet day is 3% on August 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 18% on May 4.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Alturas experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from September 30 to June 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 3, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from June 17 to September 30. The least rain falls around August 7, with an average total accumulation of 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Alturas experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 3 to April 5, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 23, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.4 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 5 to November 3. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Alturas varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 10 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:27 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 10 minutes later at 7:37 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:32 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 8 minutes later at 8:40 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Alturas during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Alturas, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Alturas experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from October 31 to June 15, with average wind speeds of more than 4.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from June 15 to October 31. The calmest day of the year is August 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Alturas varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 7.0 months, from March 15 to October 16, with a peak percentage of 57% on July 23. The wind is most often from the south for 5.0 months, from October 16 to March 15, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 14 to August 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 1, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 30 to February 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 1.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Alturas are 41.487 deg latitude, -120.543 deg longitude, and 4,383 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Alturas contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 187 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 4,382 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,031 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,535 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Alturas is covered by shrubs (45%) and cropland (41%), within 10 miles by shrubs (80%) and cropland (12%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (78%) and trees (11%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Alturas, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Alturas Municipal Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Alturas.
At a distance of 2 kilometer from Alturas, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Alturas according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.