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Average Weather in Dalian China

In Dalian, the summers are long, warm, muggy, wet, and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 19°F to 83°F and is rarely below 10°F or above 89°F.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec72%72%54%54%clearovercastprecipitation: 5.4 inprecipitation: 5.4 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 90%muggy: 90%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.7tourism score: 7.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best times of year to visit Dalian for warm-weather activities are from early June to mid July and from mid August to late September.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 27 to September 27, with an average daily high temperature above 72°F. The hottest day of the year is August 6, with an average high of 83°F and low of 73°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 3 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 41°F. The coldest day of the year is January 18, with an average low of 19°F and high of 31°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in DalianJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldfreezing
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chicago, Illinois, United States (6,569 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Dalian (view comparison).

Clouds

In Dalian, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Dalian begins around August 30 and lasts for 6.2 months, ending around March 5. On October 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around March 5 and lasts for 5.8 months, ending around August 30. On July 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 46% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 54% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in DalianclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Oct 1972%Oct 1972%Jul 2254%Jul 2254%Aug 3063%Aug 3063%Mar 563%Mar 563%clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudymostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Dalian varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 3.2 months, from June 4 to September 12, with a greater than 17% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 33% on July 23.

The drier season lasts 8.8 months, from September 12 to June 4. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on January 24.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Dalian changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 2 to December 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 33% on July 23.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.6 weeks, from December 29 to January 23. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 2% on January 11.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.4 weeks, from January 23 to February 2. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 1% on February 27.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in DalianrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 2333%Jul 2333%Jan 242%Jan 242%Dec 293%Dec 293%Jun 417%Jun 417%Sep 1217%Sep 1217%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Dalian experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from March 26 to November 22, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 31, with an average total accumulation of 5.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 22 to March 26. The least rain falls around January 19, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Dalian varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 26 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:27 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 45 minutes later at 7:12 AM on January 5. The earliest sunset is at 4:31 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 52 minutes later at 7:23 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Dalian during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in DalianJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 144:27 AMJun 144:27 AM7:23 PMJun 287:23 PMJun 28Dec 74:31 PMDec 74:31 PM7:12 AMJan 57:12 AMJan 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Dalian experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from June 18 to September 17, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 23% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 1, with muggy conditions 90% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is March 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in DalianmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 10%Mar 10%90%Aug 190%Aug 1Jun 1823%Jun 1823%Sep 1723%Sep 1723%drydrymuggymuggymiserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Dalian experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 4 to May 4, with average wind speeds of more than 12.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 15.4 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 4 to October 4. The calmest day of the year is August 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in DalianwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mph20 mph22 mph24 mphDec 1015.4 mphDec 1015.4 mphAug 108.9 mphAug 108.9 mphOct 412.2 mphOct 412.2 mphMay 412.2 mphMay 412.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Dalian varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 4.7 months, from April 2 to August 23, with a peak percentage of 50% on June 14. The wind is most often from the north for 7.3 months, from August 23 to April 2, with a peak percentage of 59% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in DalianNSNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsouthnortheast
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Dalian is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.1 months, from July 2 to October 5, with an average temperature above 67°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 17, with an average temperature of 75°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 26 to April 19, with an average temperature below 44°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 23, with an average temperature of 37°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Dalian throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Dalian for general outdoor tourist activities are from early June to mid July and from mid August to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Dalianbest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.77.70.00.07.47.46.76.7precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Dalian for hot-weather activities is from mid July to late August, with a peak score in the second week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Dalianbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.86.80.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Dalian typically lasts for 7.5 months (231 days), from around March 25 to around November 11, rarely starting before March 10 or after April 10, and rarely ending before October 27 or after November 26.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Daliangrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2550%Mar 2550%Nov 1150%Nov 1190%Apr 1090%Apr 1090%Oct 2790%Oct 2710%Mar 1010%Mar 1010%Nov 2610%Nov 260%Dec 210%Dec 21Jul 19100%Jul 19100%frigidfreezingvery coldcomfortablewarmcoolcoldhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Dalian should appear around April 23, only rarely appearing before April 15 or after May 4.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from April 16 to August 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 31, with an average of 6.7 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 4 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 2.2 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Dalian are 38.912 deg latitude, 121.602 deg longitude, and 79 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Dalian contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 574 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 112 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,348 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,182 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Dalian is covered by artificial surfaces (87%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and trees (22%), and within 50 miles by water (81%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Dalian, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Dalian.

At a distance of 8 kilometers from Dalian, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Dalian according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.